What Were The Aims Of The Peacemakers

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What Were The Aims Of The Peacemakers At The Congress Of Vienna Essay, Research Paper The Congress of Vienna was conducted with the aim of reestablishing the territorial divisions of Europe at the end of the Napoleonic Wars. This in turn lead achieving a balance of power among the countries of Europe, which brought peace and order to Europe. To accomplish this diplomacy, the principle of a just equilibrium was adopted and the redrawing of boundaries of Europe to control the expansion of France was made. However, the objectives were achieved to a limited extent since countries self-interest affected the settlement of boundaries in Europe. Each Great Power, Britain, France, Russia, Prussia, and Austria came to the Congress of Vienna with a preset idea of what each of their own

countries were to achieve. Lord Casthereagh represented Britain at the Congress, adopted the idea of a just equilibrium from William Pitt. Casthereagh believed that the redrawing of country s boundaries in Europe should reflect equality in terms of size and quantity of land, when compared to the other powers. Thus, the term just meant fairness and equilibrium meant the common point of intersection in which all the powers were equal in territorial land. However, Britain s self-interests got in the way of this idea. Castlereagh believed the first settlement of Europe should not threaten Britain s enormous and vulnerable empire, and which whom international trade could be pursued without hindrance, as an increasingly industrialized country had to live. Thus, Britain focused on their

naval supremacy to get this result. She obtained the Dutch colony of the Cape of Good Hope and Ceylon for eastern trade routes, Malta and the Ionian Islands for control of the Mediterranean, Holigoland for the control of the North Sea, and Trinidad to maintain trade within South America. Of these, the strategic islands were worth the most in terms of value, trade, and control of the waterways. British merchants in South America persuaded Castlereagh not to give places like Demerara to the Netherlands since 15 million had been invested into these places. Thus, taking this into account, they kept these places, forming British Guiana. To maintain the idea of a just equilibrium Casthereagh gave up some territories to display to the other powers that they were not gaining these

islands for self-interest. He even wrote that it was not the business of England to collect trophies, but to restore Europe to peaceful habits. In regard to the 18th century diplomacy and just equilibrium Britain compromised on the same territories. This is why Britain and France did not come into conflict in the Treaty of Vienna in 1815 despite there have being self-interests in certain territories. The Czar Alexander I represented Russia at the Congress of Vienna. He regarded himself as the sole individual of his state and deviser of his policy. People had hoped that he would consider the aims and interests of the people of Europe, and be less concerned with his country s territorial gains. This did not happen. Russia was so firm on attaining Poland, that Alexander had a 600

000 men army out of 1 000 000 situated in Poland. The other Great Powers did not want to be undermined by letting Russia attain all of Poland because they would potentially be a threat to the rest of Europe. With Britain having a strong navy, and France having the next best land army to Russia s, a Third Alliance was formed and prevented Russia from taking Poland. As a compromise, Poland was subdivided and Russia received the part of the Poland, which came to be Congress Poland. Despite Russia having wanted Poland, the other peacemakers at Vienna looked out for the interests of Europe and insured that Russia would not become too powerful and influential. Chancellor Metternich represented Austria at the Congress of Vienna. In the interests of Austria, Metternich was bossy and