What Is The Impact In The European

  • Просмотров 200
  • Скачиваний 5
  • Размер файла 15
    Кб

What Is The Impact In The European Union From A Democratic Perspective Essay, Research Paper What is the impact in the European Union from a democratic perspective? After World war two some European countries (Italy, Germany, France and the Benelux) in order to avoid new conflict started a process of economical integration that led nowadays to the E.U. . Looking back at the history of the E.U. there are some stages of the development that can be taken as the most important for our discussion: the Treaty of Paris in 1951 that create the European Coal and Steel Community which put under a common authority the production of iron steel and coal, in 1957 the Treaty of Rome set up Euratom and the European Economic Community that had to aim a common policy of development in the

field of nuclear industry and a common market for goods within the Member States, in 1976 with a single Act the Member States provided the legal base for direct election to the European Parliament (Philip Norton, 5,1996), in 1985 was set up a schedule to follow in order to achieve a complete single market by the 1992 this Paper included common environmental policy, health and safety policy, economic and social cohesion policy, areas not included in the EEC treaty, the 7th February 1992 the Treaty on the European Union was signed in Maastricht , the Treaty was the first step to a real political union among the Member States it concerned , the European Community, foreign and security policy, and justice and home affairs. As we can see in the fifty years after the Treaty of Paris

there has been notable changes in the number of the members and in the political and economical integration. From an originally economical integration we are arriving to a political integration that is causing constitutional, cultural , ideological and political problems. As a result of the Treaty of Maastricht which signed the political union the problems grew in the way that is debated a democratic deficit in the E.U. connected with a problem of supranational European parliaments that is disconnected from the National Parliaments. As a result of growing integration the democratic deficit in the E.U. became a greater problem since the E.P. Law making , increased to interfere into the sovereignty of the Member States without a real democratic legitimacy. This is mostly visible in

the agricultural policies that are nowadays decided by Brussels and in the increasing power of the E. U. in environmental and consumer protection policy , this represent a danger in the way that where internal market is concerned since a market without a State is coming into being over which there is no democratic control. To keep on our discussion about the problems of the European integration it is proper to take a look at the structure of the E.U. and try to point out why there is a democratic deficit and how can be solved if it can be solved. When the E.U. was formed all the Member States aimed to democratic legitimation of and control over the Union`s decisions but this is still only to be found in the structure of the E.U. : ? a directly elected Parliament, ? a Council of

Ministers from the individual Member States, ? Committee of the Regions as legislature, ? the Commission as executive, ? an independent Court of Justice and a Court of Auditors. Concerning the E.P. it is not possible to talk about a real parliament, while the National Parliaments have all the requirements that such an institution needs to shape policy the European Parliaments is powerless, the Commissioners that form the executive of the E.U. are appointed by the national governments and their appointment must be reconfirmed by the national governments and that shows that the commissioner are not in anyway conditioned by the E.P. . In the legislative process than again the E.P. does not any real power since is the Council of Ministers to have the last say regarding the