What Is Fascism And Why Does It — страница 2
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significant in the fact that it’s a component of the community and the interest of the state which is the superior element of existence. The fascist feels that all means for the state are justifiable and there is no room for detachment from the cause, for neutrality or for the luxury of being a mere spectator (Growth, 97). The fascist also uses this principle in justifying the rationality of the fascist economic system with demoralising the image of the individual as a person producing for himself, and not for the community as he should be. If nationalism and organicism do not supply enough motivation to create a dominant ideology, the fascist resorts to tapping deeper levels of motivation (…,19) and uses coercive force. They try to achieve a goal of breaking down the individual spirit of liberalism and will resort to violence ways if necessary. The other use of force that the fascist utilises for conformity is to misinform the masses or not inform them at all. Examples of this can either be the dismissal of civil rights such as freedom of speech or assembly or controlling the means of informative sources such as newspapers television and other sorts of communication. These are tactics the fascist utilises if the population does not consent to the government. Fascism emerges as a response to capitalism. It is a revolutionary promise to rehabilitate a nation in economic depression or unemployment by uniting and focusing the economic power of all social classes. This in turn is to restabilise a nation economically. It utilises the principle of nationalism to try to unite the social classes and if that does not work it resorts to force, a coercive method of resolving conflicts within an industrially more advanced society (Ebenstein,81). Usually fascism reinvests economic gain into its military with the hope of trying to mobilise the nation to its full capacity. This system of government usually emerges when other forms of government have failed. Where democracy lacked in a sense of hope and faith, fascism excelled. Post war Germany, Italy and Argentina in 1955 can all exemplify this theory of emergence: After World War 1, Italy had a poor economy and its national identified diminished. To build the nation and strengthen it economically was to create a state the would take full control to accomplish this, the people were desperate for a solution. World War I also effected Germany in an economic sense. It left the country bankrupt, millions were jobless and the Treaty of Versailles left the nation with reparations. The national socialists and communists were the two main parties at the time. The Nazis utilised their economic plan to restore the nation winning mass appeal which enabled them to implement their plan of imperialistic conquest which was Hitters real goal. Another period in which the economic condition enabled fascism to emerge was Argentina in 1930. It was at this time a predominantly agricultural nation. The conflict was landowners who were a comparison of feudal barons. There was also the trend of world wide depression and the emergence of an anarchist movement that aimed at direct appropriation of farm and land ownership. This attempt at unifying the South American country was overthrown ten years later. Another factor that helps the fascist come into power is mass support from the owning class. They see fascism as way of securing their wealth and corporations, and see it as protection from labour disputes. They support the fascist into office and then they themselves claim power as an elite. In conclusion the fascists main concern is power. They take total control over the people and all issues of the nation by totalitarianism. The economic system is only in the interest of the state, creating an elite class and therefore oppressing the lower classes who are made to believe in the nation while its there blood and sweat that produces for the government, and if they do not they are violently forced. The only reason this type of government emerges is because it appears as a solution to economic crisis in time of despair and gets support from the powerful upper class which benefit from it, the lower class are oppressed.