What Are The Explanations For The Increasing

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What Are The Explanations For The Increasing Divorce Rates Essay, Research Paper A wide range of data and developments are cited to demonstrate that the family is under stress and is even in danger of breaking up. However, it is important to note that many sociologists wholly or largely reject this thesis that the family is breaking up, and favor instead a different model of analysis and interpretation. The crux of the debate is, is the family disappearing as a social institution or is it merely transforming into a social institution, which is characterized by diversity and choice. That is, is the family dying or is it responding to the changing circumstances of what may be termed postmodern society. Postmodernism is a condition in which society is composed of many

heterogeneous ideas, values and practices that coexist within a general framework. It is possible to view the recent developments in family life as part of this general trend. There are many factors to be considered when we look at the ?changing family?; one of the key issues related to family change and adaptation is divorce. The number of divorces granted in Britain has jumped from 27,000 in 1961 to 191, in 1985; this should be compared with 3000 in 1921 and only 700 in 1911. However this information could be misleading on it?s own, factors such as the increasing population and popularity of marriage need to be considered. With the population increasing more people will be getting married, so therefore there will be more divorce these statistics do not give an accurate account

in the divorce rate. To find an accurate rate of divorce we need to find out how many divorces there are per thousand marriages. In 1961 just over 2 persons divorced per thousand, in 1987 this figure rose to almost 12 per thousand.?????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?Sociology new directions??When we look at divorce rates in these statistics we still see an increased rate in divorce. Recent studies show that one third of all marriages are likely to end in divorce. As well as divorce, marital breakdown can also be ?separation?, which refers to the physical separation of the spouses; they no longer share the same dwelling, and ?empty shell marriages?, where the spouses live together, remain legally married, but

their marriage exists in name only. Personal considerations need to be taken into account when we look at why people divorce, and it is clearly significant that people today live much longer than their ancestors. Since 1851 average life expectancy in Britain for men has risen from 40 to 70 years and for women from 42 to 76 years. Marriages therefore can last much longer, and a significant number break up when children leave home and partners realise that they have nothing left in common. It is often forgotten that in earlier times many marriages were terminated by the early death of either of the partners. Economic independence and grater equality at work, improved birth control and smaller families, higher expectations of marital relationships, and the isolation of the nuclear

family are all seen as factors, which have contributed to the rise in women seeking a divorce. There is also a strong significant relationship between divorce and social class divorce rates are four times higher among working class couples than among professionals and highest of all among the unemployed. ? Despite minor fluctuations, there was a steady rise in divorce rates in modern industrial societies throughout the twentieth century. Liberalisation of the laws concerning divorce can be seen as integral to the changing social and sexual mores of the time. This is demonstrated by a marked increase in the number of divorces, which has followed each liberalisation of the law. Before 1857, divorce was rare; it was expensive and only obtainable by private Act of Parliament. The