Wellington Essay Research Paper WellingtonArthur Wesley known

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Wellington Essay, Research Paper WellingtonArthur Wesley, known as the Duke of Wellington, accomplished many great goalsas a military commander. He won many battles and he also defeated one of the greatmilitary leader of all time, Napoleon Bonaparte, in the battle of Waterloo. He supported policies which he disapproved and he would fight for the country whether he liked it or not . Arthur Wesley was born on May 1, 1979 in Dublin, to the first Earl of Mornington. As a child, he attended Eton school and later he went on to a military academy in France. At the age of eighteen, he was commissioned and became lieutenant colonel of the thirty-third foot. He was then sent to fight in India, where he commanded a division against Tipu Sultan. He also became governor of Mysore (1799)

and commander in chief against the Marathas. With his success, Arthur then returned to England in 1805 with a knighthood. After Wellington s arrival, he was given new assignments, which he disapproved. He had a long journey to Hanover, followed by a brigade in Hastings. Although he had no interests in these assignments, he felt he must serve whenever duty required.” I am nimmukwallah, as we say in the East; that is, I have ate the king s salt, and, therefore, I conceive it to be my duty to serve withunhesitating zeal and cheerfulness, when and wherever the kingor his government may think properly to employ me.” After his tasks Wellington went on a brief military expedition in Copenhagen and defeated a small Danish force, which made the Danes firm allies with Napoleon. In

1808, Portuguese rose against Napoloen, and Wellington was ordered to support them.Wellington s first defeat was against General Andoche Junot s columns at Vimiero. Wellington was then sent back to Ireland as chief secretary. After the British evacuated Spain, Wellington persuaded the British government to let him back into Portugal to fight, thinking the country could be saved. Wellington arrived at Lisbon, surprising Marshal Nicholas-Jean de Dieu Soult, capturing Oporto, and chasing the French back into Spain. He then headed back to his portuguese base, defeating Marshal Andre Massena at Bussaco on the way. Wellington at this point has gained his soldiers trust.Wellington s next move was to capture the spanish fortresses, Ciudad Rodrigo and Badajoz, which he finally captured

after many attempts. On August 12, 1812, Wellington entered Madrid after defeating 40,000 frenchmen in forty minutes at Salamanca in July. He then tried to attack Burgos, which he failed and retreated back to Portugal. On July 21, 1813, Wellington moved the french back to Virtoria, but the french escaped into the pyrennes because of Wellington s drunken troops. Before invading France, Wellington decided to begin operations to take San Sebastian and Pampeluna. On April 10, 1814, Wellington marched into Toulouse, France and defeated Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult to end the peninsular wars.After Wellington s great victories in the peninsular wars, he received the title “Duke of Wellington”. His next mission was to defeat Napoleon, who was seen as an outlaw and a fugitive. The

allied coalition -formed against France between 1792 and 1815- raised five armies. An Anglo-dutch army of 90,000 men commanded by Wellington and a Prussian army of 225,000 men commanded by Gebhard Leberech von Blucher were to operate in the Brussels region into France. An Austrian army of 225,000 men commanded by Karl Phillip zu Schwarzenberg was to operate on the upper and middle rhine; a Russian army of 170,000 men under Barclay de Tolly was formed for safety. The last army consisted of 60,000 Austro-Italians lead by Johann Maria Frimont, which was to operate in northen Italy. With this setup, Napoleon created a plan. His plan was to go into Charleroi, which was located between Wellington s and Blucher s armies. Napoleon was to attack the Prussians and the British, then he