Wed And Sustainable Development Essay Research Paper — страница 3
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consciousness of their position and potential hopefully will want to actively participate in the decisions that affect them, which could increase their participation in the program. The participation could be anywhere from organizing grassroots organizations to increase awareness of options for improved economic well-being, to providing education of sustainable techniques, to establishing community services to aid in raising all women to an acceptable level of empowerment, with “control” over their choices being the final goal. Through the empowerment process, the Ghani women potentially will have changed the unsustainable economic development that had been instituted before the introduction of this new program. Difficulties with this program become apparent when one critically analyzes the various points and implementation. First of all, this program could be used by political leaders to achieve other political goals and could easily be manipulated by political actors for their own interests, undermining the impact and acceptance of this program (Kardam 150). Also, even when rights are eventually granted by law, implementation can suffer because Ghana may not be able to receive compliance from all parts of their society, especially since this program will clash with traditional perceptions of gender roles (150-151). Additionally, finding alternatives to the current raw material intensive activities that are equally available and immediately applicable could prove difficult. Furthermore, getting men involved in the program, a vital aspect in the program’s attempt to alter the current inequality, will be difficult as will getting women involved in a program that will challenge their traditional roles and temporarily cause hardships as they become involved in the program. Moreover, the difficulty of having to appropriately implement policies that try to reduce environmental damage, such as the introduction of more fuel efficient cooking methods, will require an intuitive and feasible approach to take different women’s needs into account if they are to succeed (Waylen 44). Also, if the economy of Ghana is dependent on environmentally unsustainable practices, like deforestation, large-scale agribusiness, and polluting industries, finding ways to break that dependence in order to shift to more sustainable practices, or require the corporations to implement environmentally safe standards, could prove extremely difficult. Lastly, the program may not have significant, immediate results that would encourage adoption and participation. Ultimately, a program that is designed and successful towards sustainable development and empowerment of women will depend on the women and men in Ghana, or more inclusively, in developing countries. Once the empowerment of women is recognized as central and pivotal to development, the first step toward change has been made, and women as agents of change can aid in the social, economic, and cultural development of their countries. Development programs need to from the beginning incorporate women’s issues into its agenda in order for a successful outcome. Only when development programs include a holistic (gender, environment, economy, society, government, etc.) approach to development, not just the quickest way to enter the world capitalist market, will developing countries have the sound foundation needed to operate in the global market and practice sustainable development. If not, the world will continue with the current trends of overpopulation, resource depletion, and impoverishment. Bibliography Braidotti, Rosi. “Women, the Environment and Sustainable Development: Emergence of the Theme and Different Views.” Women, the Environment and Sustainable Development. Rosi Braidotti et al. London: Zed Books, 1994. 77-106. Davidson, Joan. “Women’s Energy Crisis.” Women and Environment in the Third World. Irene Dankelman and Joan Davidson. London: Earthscan Publications, 1988. 66-86. Kardam, N?ket. “Women and Development.” Women, Gender, and World Politics: Perspectives, Policies, and Prospects. Ed. Peter R. Beckman and Francine D’Amico. Westport, Connecticut: Bergin & Garvey, 1994. 141-153. Peterson, V. Spike, and Anne Sisson Runyan, eds. Global Gender Issues. 2nd ed. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1999. 113-162. Waylen, Georgina. Gender in Third World Politics. Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Reinner Publishers, 1996. 24-45.