Website Evaluation Essay Research Paper Sociology Class
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Website Evaluation Essay, Research Paper Sociology Class Report Spring 2001 1. The Atlantic Monthly Group http://www.theatlantic.com/unbound/flashbks/immigr/immigint.htm + The website provides extensive information on history of immigration and issues related to immigration. I narrowed down my choice to an interesting article by Matthew Connelly and Paul Kennedy, “Must It Be the Rest Against the West?” + The article discusses matters associated with Issue 2, “Are Greater Restrictions on Immigration Needed?” The authors suggest, instead of restricting immigration, to try to assist development of Third-World countries. They also suggest promoting agreement not just in the important sphere of human rights but also on the equally important issue of recognizing cultural diversity, both within countries and between technologically dominant cultures and the rest of the globe. 2. Department of Psychology, Northwestern University http://www.psych.nwu.edu/ eischens/know.html + This web page discusses the following issues: 1. What is the meaning of intelligence tests? What can they predict, and how well do they predict it? 2. Does ethnicity correlate to intelligence? And if so, how does it? 3. What issues remain currently unresolved concerning intelligence? + The issues discussed in this website answer to Issue 2, “Is the Discussion About Race and Intelligence Worthwhile?”. The site gives brief information about intelligence testing, and statistics. + While the authors do not give a definite yes or no answer to the issue question, they suggest that correlation between IQ score and race can not be concluded because: 1. Much of the results can be attributed to the socioeconomic differences among these ethnic groups. 3. There is little to no evidence of a biological factor that can be used to explain the discrepancies among these groups. 2. Although some claim that the intelligence tests that are used as a basis here are biased against certain cultural groups, there is no evidence to support that conclusion. 3. Dartmouth College http://www.dartmouth.edu/ chance/course/topics/curveball.html + The article, “Curveball” argues whether racial differences in I.Q. are determined by genetic causes, and furthermore, whether I.Q. testing is a measure of human ability. + This article is closely related to Issue 3, “Is the Discussion About Race and Intelligence Worthwhile?”. + The author disagrees with a claim that racial differences in I.Q. are mostly determined by genetic causes — small differences for Asian superiority over Caucasian, but large for Caucasians over people of African descent. Furthermore, he writes that this claim is as old as the study of race, and is almost surely fallacious. The central fallacy in using the substantial heritability of within- group I.Q. (among whites, for example) as an explanation of average differences between groups (whites versus blacks, for example) is now well known and acknowledged by all. Take a trait that is far more heritable than anything — body height. Suppose that the heights of adult males in a poor Indian village beset with nutritional deprivation, and suppose the average height of adult males is five feet six inches. Heritability within the village is high, which is to say that tall fathers (they may average free feet eight inches) tend to have tall Song while short fathers (five feet four inches on average) tend to have short sons. But this high heritability within the village does not mean that better nutrition might not raise average height to five feet ten inches in a few generations. Similarly, the well-documented fifteen-point average difference in I.Q. between blacks and whites in America, with substantial heritability of I.Q. in family lines within each group, permits no automatic conclusion that truly equal opportunity might not raise the black average enough to equal or surpass the white mean.