Watergate Scandal In The White House Essay — страница 3

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crimes, but they were still convicted of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, and perjury (Muzzio, 9). In may of 1973, the press broadcasted the hearings on television to millions of people, the public felt that it was their civic duty to watch over Nixon’s trial. An official told the court that Nixon had tape-recorded all the conversations he had made to his “Plumbers”(Watergate, Impeachment). Nixon had hoped that these tapes would one day be used by historians to document the triumph of his term; instead they would play a key element in his downfall and proved to be very prudent in showing that Nixon was guilty. Nixon refused to release the tapes, claiming the executive privilege gave him the right to keep his record private. Nixon’s unwillingness to forfeit the tapes

caused him to go to court, before it was decided, Vice President Agnew was charged with income tax evasion. He was also charged for accepting bribes in exchanging for political favors. Agnew resigned because of the charges in October of 1973. He made a deal with the prosecuting attorney and pleaded guilty for tax evasion and all of the other charges were dropped (Emery, 382-83). This scandal was not connected to Watergate, but it put a lot of stress on Nixon. Nixon nominated Gerald Ford in place of Agnew (Kutler, 577). A couple of days after Agnew resignation, the federal court ordered Nixon hand over the tapes. Nixon refused once again so judge Cox tried to make him. Nixon tried to persuade his lawyer to find a loophole, which would disqualify Cox as an impartial interpreter.

Cox was an idle to Richardson, because he was his professor in law school. Richardson refused Nixon’s order and resigned. President Nixon then ordered the deputy Attorney General to fire Cox. This massive event was known as the Saturday Night Massacre (Watergate, Massacre). Many people of the nation felt that Nixon’s blocking of the judicial process was proof of his guiltiness. People mailed Congress thousands of telegrams asking for them to begin the impeachment process against president Nixon. President Nixon had still proclaimed his innocence. At a press conference in November, Nixon made his famous quote, I am not a crook (Emery, 415). He avoided questions and extremely agitated. The Internal Revenue Services also discovered something that could harm Nixon. They noticed

that in 1970 and 71′ Nixon had only paid 00 in taxes when he earned over 00,000. The nation found out that he also used public money to fix-up his houses in Florida and California. Nixon kept on refusing to release his Watergate tapes. Then, on April 1974, he gave out the transcripts of the tapes. He edited the transcripts and tried to cover up the crimes, but it did not work and ended up giving Nixon a bad reputation (Muzzio, 125). The Committee voted to bring impeachment charges in July against Nixon. The first charge said that the president knowingly covered-up the crimes of Watergate. The second charge stated that he used Government Agencies to violate the Constitution of the U.S., the third asserted that he would be impeached because of the withholding of evidence from

Congress and interfering with the impeachment process. Shortly after the house committee voted to impeach President Nixon, the case went to the entire House for a final say. Nixon at this point still counted on the public to back him up; he relied on the few that still doubted his involvement in Watergate. Nixon at this point had to follow through with the orders to hand over the tapes. Nixon for a long time claimed that he had no idea of the Watergate scandal until John Dean told him on March 21, 1973. The tapes showed that Nixon was a true liar, and not only knew about it, but ordered it. Because of this Nixon met with a group of republican leaders and they tried to convince him to resign from office. He did just that on August 9, 1974, Nixon broadcasted that he was resigning

to the nation. This meant that President Richard Nixon was the first president of the United States to resign from office. The nation was shocked by this whole scandal because of the way Nixon had lied to the public and abused his own powers. This led most of the public never to trust a president as they did before, because of the massive secrecy in the Government. As a nation the country did survive the trauma, and due to the recantation of Nixon and his vice president Agnew the country was left in the careful hands of Gerald Ford who served honorably until the end of his presidential term. Sources Cited Emwey, Fred. Watergate. The corruption of American Politics and the fall of Richard Nixon. Random House: New York NY, 1994. Feinberg, Barbara S. WATERGATE Scandal in the White