Watergate Scandal In The White House Essay — страница 2

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psychiatrist’s office. Although they discovered nothing wrong they were not content to leaving Ellsberg alone and it is believed that they had initiated a plan to try and further discredit Ellsberg’s reputation (Watergate, Cover-up). One of Nixon’s biggest worries was about having enough votes for the election in 1972. Nixon was concerned that Edmund Muskie of Maine would win because he was the strongest Democratic candidate. Hoping to wipe out Edmund from the competition, the Plumbers began to play a bunch of so called `dirty tricks’ (Schudson, 26). They issued false statements in Muskie’s name and told the press false rumors about him, so that the plumbers could publish it to the public. Worst of all, they sent a letter to the New Hampshire newspaper stating that

Muskie was making mean remarks about French Canadian ancestry. All of these slurs enabled Nixon to gain further ground on Muskie in the elections. Despite Nixon’s efforts the Democratic nomination went to George McGovern, a liberal senator from South Dakota. His supporters included many people who backed the civil rights, anti-war and environmental movements of the 1960s. McGovern had fought to make the nomination process more open and democratic. Congress had at that time passed the 23rd amendment of the Constitution allowing eighteen-year-Olds to vote. As a result, the 1972 Democratic Convention was the first to include large numbers of woman, minorities and a younger crowd among the delegates. McGovern’s campaign ran into trouble early. The press revealed that his running

mate Thomas Eagleton had once received psychiatric treatment. First McGovern stood by Eagleton, and then he abandoned him choosing a different running mate. In addition, many Democratic voters were attached to Nixon because of his conservative positions on the Vietnam War. Meanwhile, Nixon’s campaign sailed smoothly along, aided by millions of dollars in funds, Nixon’s campaign officials collected much of the money illegally. Major corporations were told to “contribute” at least 100,000 dollars each. The collectors made it clear that the donations could easily buy the parties favor with the White House. Many large corporations went along. As shipbuilding tycoon George Steinbrenner said; it was a shakedown, a plain old-fashioned shakedown(Watergate, the secret story). The

final blow to McGovern’s chances for presidency came just days before the election, when Kissinger announced that peace was at hand in Vietnam. McGovern had made his political reputation as a critic of the Vietnam War, and the announcement took the wind out of his sails. Nixon tallied an enormous victory. He received over 60 percent of the popular vote and won every state except Massachusetts (Kutler, 43). Congress however remained under Democratic control. In January of 1973, two months after Nixon had won the presidential election, the misdeeds of Watergate began to surface. The Watergate burglars went on trial in a Washington D.C. courtroom. James McCord, one of the burglars, gave shocking evidence. McCord testified that people in higher office had paid hush money to the

burglars who were involved in Watergate (Emery, 276). McCord a former CIA agent who had led the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in 1961, McCord worked for the Nixon re-election campaign. With the hush money they were supposed to conceal the White Houses involvement in Watergate. After the prosecuting attorney investigated he quickly found out that the attorney General, John Mitchell, approved the break-in. Even thought John Mitchell was one of the most trusted advisors, Nixon denied knowledge about the break-in and cover-up of Watergate. The public soon found out that Nixon was not telling the truth. The public also found out that Nixon had ordered his aids to block any information to the investigators. The White House also tried to stop flow of the investigations, because they were

afraid that it would uncover very important secrets about the White Houses involvement. Nixon would not appear at the congressional committee, complaining that if he were to testify it would violate the separation of powers, which is stated in the constitution. Although the constitution does define that their must be a separation of powers, it does not state that the president is not able to testify in front of a congressional committee. Nixon’s unwillingness to testify made people feel that Nixon was abusing his executive privileges just to cover-up his crimes. When Nixon had no possible way of protecting the White House staff, he fired them. Such as when he fired two of his aids, H.R Haldeman and John Ehrlichwan, because they were on the line of being charged for their