Water Resources Essay Research Paper Water is

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Water Resources Essay, Research Paper Water is singly the most important element to the world as a whole. It is the lifeblood of the environment, essential to the survival of all living things whether it is a plant, an animal or humans (Environment Canada, 1996). It is a powerful resource that we cannot afford to live without, so we must do everything possible to maintain its quality and the life inside it for today and the future. It creates, sustains and has the ability to take life. However, we as humans have lost respect for the basic element to our existence. We dump sewage, chemicals and garbage into our own water and, exploit the fish and animals living in the waters almost or to the point of extinction. We pollute and ravage the oceans without any regard for what the

outcome to our ecosystem could and will be if it continues. As humans, we are primarily composed of water. Our blood, which is our means of transporting food and waste, and also regulates our temperature, is made up of 83 percent water. It is an unquestionable fact that we need water, just like everything else that exists on this planet. Water s harmless and pure nature creates and sustains life but when exploited for commercial uses it becomes damaged by pollution and the ecosystems inside it are hurt, effecting all life on the planet. The water resources of the world are a raw material, just like minerals and gas, which industries want to use to make money, but in the process it is industries that are exploiting and polluting our waters, damaging them for all future

generations. Through industry we, as humans, are killing the oceans by over-fishing, destroying coral reefs and polluting them with sewage and garbage. Although businesses do have the right to the use of the oceans and waters of the world to profit from just the same as any other business, it is the negative manner in which they use our waters that results in the destruction of habitats and species in and around the water and the large amounts of pollution plaguing the world s waters. These massive amounts of destruction, which are occurring, are all having an extremely detrimental effect on our world s ecosystem. The destruction of the world s waters will ultimately lead to the destruction of the planet because without the very source for life, life cannot sustain itself. Our

water resources are of such a great importance because water itself is responsible for so many things in life that it would be absolutely impossible to continue on without it. Firstly, water is such a unique substance because it is the only substance that occurs at ordinary temperatures in all three states of matter (solid, liquid, and gas). As a solid it is found as glaciers and ice caps, on water surfaces in winter, as snow, hail, and frost, and as clouds formed of ice crystals. It occurs in the liquid state as rain clouds formed of water droplets, and on vegetation as dew. Water also covers three-quarters of the surface of the earth in the form of swamps, lakes, rivers, and oceans. As a gas, or water vapor, it occurs as fog, steam, and clouds. Other reasons why water is of

such importance to us is because of its use as the universal solvent. Water is referred to as the universal solvent because of its ability to form a hydration shell around other molecules. By forming this shell around molecules other than water it prevents the other molecules from associating molecules of the same kind therefore rapidly dissolving the substance. Water also has the ability to ionize because its covalent bonds can break quickly and, to organize non-polar molecules by forming hydrogen bonds with other water molecules causing the non-polar molecules to crowd together and associate with each other. Secondly, another reason why water is of such importance because it is responsible for transporting, combining, and chemically breaking down substances such as