Water Conservation Essay Research Paper The City — страница 2

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Area, it shows that Tucson is currently using about 312,000 acre-feet (AF) per year (1a). The major sources that this water supply comes from includes groundwater, effluent water, and CAP water. As show by the figure below (1b). Water Supplies Used To Meet Demand – 1994 Source Acre-Feet Percent Central Arizona Project 24,000 7.7 Effluent 11,000 3.5 Groundwater 279,000 88.8 (One acre-foot equals 325,851 gallons.) As one can see, an overwhelmingly large amount of the water supply comes specifically through groundwater. The very source that is the most difficult to replenish because this groundwater supply has accumulated over thousands of years. But as the number of water users is rapidly increasing each year, as well as the amount of water each uses, it is easy to conclude that

this supply will eventually have to run dry (2d). Since little of this precious water can be replenished as fast as it is being used, the only way to assist the problem today is to use less and reuse the water that we can – one simple word, conserve. Conservation is occurring on many levels. The government has formed councils and committees to create new systems, methods, and solutions to efficiently use the water available to us. Such groups have formulated propositions that wisely use recharged wastewater, unsuitable for human consumption, for such uses as lawn water and so on (4a). They have also come up with programs that cause the water rates to raise once a consumer uses a certain amount of water (4b): Therefore, discouraging wastefulness by putting part of the punishment

(a monetary fine in this case) on the consumer, and reducing the penalty inflicted on the environment. This is a very effective and resourceful thing to do because the consumer should be just as concerned with the problem, realizing that they help contribute to it every day. Although many people think that one person really cannot make a difference, that is not true, because every gallon of water saved helps. Here are just a few things and numbers to get you thinking, taken from the "Water Conservation and Beat the Peak" (3): Get a water-saving showerhead Saves up to a gallon of water a minute Put an aerator in your sink Saves up to a gallon of water a minute Sweep your sidewalk - Don’t hose it off This can save up to 10 gallons a minute Fix your faucets Saves up to

50 gallons a day Use the short cycle on your dishwasher Save 10 gallons of water every cycle Check your toilet for leaks A leaky stool may waste up to 100 gallons a day Take shorter showers 5 to 10 gallons are wasted every minute DISCUSSION The discovery of underground water is what made the desert areas, such as Tucson, the livable communities they are today. Without water we would not be able to adapt to these extreme conditions, making this state called Arizona — nothing. Therefore, desert states need to realize that not all things last forever and that they need to guard and use wisely the natural resources that are available now. Water is an enormous benefactor to life in the Tucson Water Basin, as well as the rest of the world, and the inhabitants must realize that

eventually the source will run out and they will have no where to turn to. To prevent this, they need to prepare for the future and conserve this precious resource before it turns into a bigger problem than we are facing today. CONSLUSION Tucson’s future depends on the wise and efficient use of water – the most precious natural resource found in this barren desert. If we do our part, we can better prepare for the future and make this a better place for those yet to come. Best said by Daniel R. Patterson, an arid ecosystem ecologist, "Both citizens and industry must learn to live in true harmony with the desert". 1. Arizona Department of Water Resources Homepage – by clicking on Arizona Water Information link, then Statewide Overview link, then AMA Overview link,

then Tucson Active Management Area link, then Tucson AMA. (a) http:www.adwr.state.az.us/AZWaterInfo/InsideAMAs/amatucson.html (b) http://www.adwr.state.az.us/AZWaterInfo/statewide/amas.html 2. Arizona Water Resources Homepage – through the University. (a) http://www.ag.arizona.edu/azwater/uses.html. (b) http://www.ag.arizona.edu/azwater/hist.thml (c) http://www.ag.arizona.edu/azwater/clim.html (b) http://www.ag.arizona.edu/azwater/ground.html. 3. City of Tucson, AZ Homepage. http://www.ci.tucson.az.us/water/tsnwtr/conserve/beatpeak/tips.thm. 4. Metropolitan Domestic Water Improvement District – Tucson, AZ Homepage. (a) http://www.metrowater.com/conservation.htm (b) http://www.metrowater.com/rates.htm 5. Patterson, Daniel R.. "Eroding Our Quality of Life". The