Was The Industrial Revolution A Good Thing

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Was The Industrial Revolution A Good Thing? Essay, Research Paper ????????? The Industrial Revolution was a series of many changes that took place in Great Britain from 1750 to 1900. There is much controversy as to whether the changes were for better or for worse and to whether the Industrial Revolution was a good thing or a bad thing. Some people say that it improved peoples? lives, and that technology and entertainment got better. They say that Britain was made a great, rich and powerful country. Others disagree and say that it was a bad thing and that during the Industrial Revolution there were terrible working and living conditions and many people suffered because of the changes that took place. They also say that it caused a lot of pollution and that it changed many

people?s lifestyles for the worse. In this essay I will investigate the bad and then the good things that happened to people?s lives in Britain between 1750 and 1900 and then make up my own mind as to whether the Industrial Revolution was a good thing or not. ????????? In the early 1700?s a lot of people worked on the land. Nearly all of the people that didn?t work on the farms worked in their homes, spinning or weaving. Most families spun and wove in the same room as they did all of their domestic chores. This room was usually quite full, with the children, adults and even the elderly all helping to produce wool and cloth. This was a good idea, because the less capable members of the family could get help if they needed it and the parents could look after the young children.

This was also a good idea because the family could choose whichever hours they wanted to work and they could also choose how much leisure time they had, according to how much work there was to be done and when they wanted their free time. A good thing about the Domestic System was that they could keep all of the profits for themselves because they sold their products at the nearest market town. They were self-employed, so there was no middleman taking the profits away from them, unlike in the factories and mills. ?All of these facts about the textile industry and the Domestic System before the Industrial Revolution make the Industrial Revolution a bad thing because the Domestic System had a lot of benefits. It seemed good compared to the situation after the change in the textile

industry. During the Industrial Revolution new methods of spinning and weaving were introduced, which couldn?t be done in the home because the machinery, including the Water Frame, invented in 1769 by Richard Arkwright, was too large to be used in the home. Mills, built by fast flowing rivers, were used to do spinning. Lots of jobs had to move to huge factories that were built especially. At the factories and mills parents couldn?t supervise their children whilst they were working. The employers made children undertake many dangerous tasks for very low wages. In some mines children, women and men all did the same type of work for the same length of time. Women earned just half the amount that men did and children were only paid a third of what men were paid. Children were

exploited and forced to work in dreadful conditions. They were beaten when they didn?t do their work. Most children became very tired and were frequently found asleep on the mill floors. This was not surprising when children as young as 6 or 7 were working 14 hour days, with no substantial breaks for meals, some with only half an hour in the middle of the day to sit down, eat and rest. Even heavily pregnant women and women who had just had children were known to be working in the mills and mines. There is evidence in reports from the mid 1800?s, including one in 1843 which said that young children working in the cotton mills and factories were beaten cruelly for making minor errors. They were said to be beaten with whatever tools their boss could find, including hammers, sticks