Was Nazism An Ideology Essay Research Paper

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Was Nazism An Ideology? Essay, Research Paper Nazism, ideological or not? This is a very important question when looking into the rise of Hitler and how he used his so-called ?ideologies? to win over the support of the German people. The dictionary definition of the word ?Ideology? is ?Ideas that form the basis of a political or economic theory?, from this we should be able to weigh the evidence to see if the Nazis ideas about political and economic system form an ideology. The Nazis did not fit the criteria for being ideological; they were contradictory and hypocritical. The Nazis coagulated the ideas and theories of philosophers, musicians and scientists and produced them in a way that appealed to the masses this is what made the Nazi party believable and supportable.

Hitler presented to the masses a bombardment of political and ideological ideas, which seemed to take into account every individual and personal opinion of the average and indeed middle class German. The nationalistic component to Nazism appealed to every German, the fact that they were superior and stronger than other nations appealed to the masses and the apparent coherent way in which Hitler presented these ideas made it more believable than ridiculous. Firstly it is necessary to look at what Hitler and indeed the NSDAP wanted for Germany. In a programme, which the German Workers? Party published on 24th February 1920 it states the beliefs and ideas of the party, it was co-written by Hitler along with Anton Drexler, the leader of the party at that time. Reading through this

document it is clear that the 25 point ?demands? of the party were very contradictory. For example point 2 states that ?We demand equality of right for the German People in its dealings with other nations, and the abolition of the Peace Treaties of Versailles and St Germain.? This would indirectly appeal to German Generals as the down sizing of the army caused the dwindling power and server job losses in Germany. The Generals would be able to reassert themselves into the military positions that they once held and take advantage of the independent states that once belonged to the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. In point 22 however it says ?We demand the abolition of the professional army and its replacement by a peoples army.? Obviously this is alienating the Generals, as the original

autocratic and militant regime of the army would be abolished for a new ?peoples? army, which is very socialistic and partly communistic. From this we can see that Hitler was very contradictory, it is evident that Hitler wanted to whip up the support of the people but not just certain people he wanted the whole support of the nation, to do this he had to be hypocritical and contradictory. In Hitler?s book Mein Kampf (My Struggle), 1925 he states that ?Politics is the art of using men?s weaknesses for one?s ends.? This clearly shows Hitler?s intentions on how to get the support of the German people, by appealing to every single German regardless of social standing. From the 25-point programme I have picked out the four predominant beliefs of the party they are racism, socialism,

nationalism and anti-democracy I will go onto see how these became the ?ideologies? of the Nazi party. Hitler?s National Socialists believed heavily in the ?November Criminals? and ?Stab in the Back? theories. Hitler used this against the government as propaganda to whip up support for his own party. He believed that the weimar republic had humiliated Germany and had put shame on the German people. Hitler?s ideas were built on his concept of race. He believed that humanity consisted of a graduated hierarchy of races and that life was no more than ?the survival of the fittest?. He argued that Social Darwinism necessitated a struggle between races, just as animals fought for food and territory in the wild. Furthermore, he considered it vital to maintain racial purity, so that the