Was It Necessary For The Unite Essay — страница 2
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was one of the best alternatives to using the atomic bomb and should have been used. A fourth alternative was the continuance of conventional warfare. The United States could have continued the naval blockade of Japan. This would have slowly caused Japan to run out of food, ammunition, and other necessities and forced them to surrender. Moreover, as Bill Dietrich has noted, the U.S. could have continued the conventional bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which had already destroyed 60 of Japan’s cities. Last, the U.S. could have pursued Japanese peace feelers. The U.S. could have tried to gain support of the Japanese who wanted peace. Those people could have helped to get the public to want peace. I do not think that this alternative was as good as the others because it would have taken much longer than the others and might have failed. Not only were the alternatives a strong enough reason not to use the bomb but the consequences of using the atomic bomb should have played a part in the decision-making to drop the bomb. According to Douglas P. Lackey, the use of nuclear weapons had a negative effect on international relations. Political and military leaders wanted to posses nuclear weapons so that they would have more power. Lewis Strauss, special assistant to the Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal, said “It seemed to me that such a weapon was not necessary to bring the war to a successful conclusion, that once used it would find its way into the armaments of the world….” The use of the atomic bombs ultimately brought about the Cold War. If even a few more atomic bombs were dropped, I believe this would have led to an uncontrollable urge to use the bomb, which would have led to man’s destruction. Joseph Grew said in a letter to Henry Stimson, “If surrender could have been brought about in May, 1945, or even in June or July, before the entrance of Soviet Russia into the [Pacific] war and the use of the atomic bomb, the world would have been the gainer.” Moreover, nuclear weapons produce radioactive fallout (dust contaminated with radioactive particles, drifting through the stratosphere), which affects the environment as well as people who have no involvement in the conflict. It also affects humans and animals for many future generations. It is my belief that the use of the atomic bomb to bring about the end of World War II was not necessary. With the many alternatives that were at the United State’s disposal and all of the effects that the use of such weapons can have on both environment and people, the U.S. had no reason to drop the bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Dwight D. Eisenhower said in a meeting with Henry Stimson, Secretary of War during WW II, “… the Japanese were ready to surrender and it was not necessary to hit them with that awful thing.” After reading all of these quotes from prominent figures I am puzzled as to why the United States made the decision to drop the atomic bomb. The use of the atomic bomb killed thousands of lives that did not need to be killed and was the biggest mistake the U.S. has ever made. Bibliography Lackey, Douglas P.. The Ethics of War and Peace. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice- Hall, Inc., 1989. Goodman, Philip. “Hiroshima and Nagasaki: The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb.” [ http://users.erols.com/goodmank/ ]. Dietrich, Bill. “Pro and Con on Dropping the Bomb.” New York Times, 1995. “Was the Bomb Needed?” [ http://wso.williams.edu/ globe/necessary.htm ]. Long, Doug. “Hiroshima: Was it Necessary?” [ http://mercury.he.net/ dlong/Hiroshima.htm ]. 1995-2000. Kirkpatrick, Kaylee. Cerveny, Melissa. Wisecup, Andy. Retzer, Susan. “The Decision to Drop the Bomb.” [ www.uis.edu/ trammell/lsctimeline/Desicion.html ]. 1998.