Warren Court And The Pursuit For Justice

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Warren Court And The Pursuit For Justice Essay, Research Paper The Warren Court and the Pursuit for Justice The Warren Court and the Pursuit for Justice written by Morton J. Horwitz is a description of the many Supreme Court cases that Chief Justice Earl Warren, along with other Justices presided on during this critical time period in American History. The author begins the book by explaining who the different Justices that served on the Court were and when they were appointed to it. Horwitz explained the different backgrounds that the Justices came from and whether they were conservative or more liberal on the court. The author?s thesis was to prove that the Warren Court helped to give people their own personal rights, through many different court cases. The Warren court

ruled on cases from Brown v. Board of Education, which dealt with the segregation issue, to Roth v. United States, which dealt with pornography. Through trying to support his thesis, the author broke the book down into five separate chapters that dealt with the Warren Court. The first chapter that Horwitz dealt with court cases was in chapter two. In this chapter the author supported his thesis by explaining how the Court ruled on court cases that dealt with Civil Rights. One of the biggest court cases that the Warren Court presided over was Brown v. Board of Education 1953; this court case overturned the separate but equal doctrine. Which stated that the races could be legally segregated. In this case the Justices overturned the Plessy decision and ruled that the segregation of

public facilities was illegal. This supported the author?s thesis because it gave all people no matter what race equal facilities. Of course it would be many years before this was enforced throughout the country. Most of the cases decided on by the Warren Court in this section of the book dealt with the Civil Rights movement. Which gave all races equal rights under the law. The court also ruled on many other cases that helped give blacks their personal rights. Another case that helped blacks pertain equal rights was in the case of Brown v. Louisiana 1966, which dealt with the arrest of young black men protesting a segregated library. The Court ruled that the protestors were allowed to peacefully protest the library without being punished. In all the cases in this section of the

book, the Horwitz argued that the Warren Court helped bring equal treatment in the law to all races. Case after case the Court ruled in favor of the personal rights of the individual. If the Court felt that the person?s rights were being infringed then the cases were overturned. Another way in which Horwitz supported his thesis was by describing how the court ruled on cases during the McCarthy area. During this area people were being arrested and jailed for supposedly being part of the Communist Party. In one such case the Warren Court ruled on Yates v. United States 1956. In this case the court overturned the convictions of Communist leaders under the Smith Act. Under the Smith Act any person could be arrested and jailed for advocating the violent over throw of the United States

government. The Court ruled that the Smith Act violated the defendants First Amendment rights. In another case decided during this time was Watkins v. United States 1956. In this case Chief Justice Warren for the first time began to set limits on the investigational powers of the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC). HUAC?s main agenda was to find and punish Communist sympathizers. The Court ruled that the committee could not punish people for their right to plead the Fifth Amendment. HUAC was discrediting people for pleading the Fifth Amendment when they testified in front of the Committee. By limiting the power of HUAC and reaffirming the rights people have for the First and Fifth Amendments, the Court gave people there rights back after their rights had been taken