Waiting For Godot Essay Research Paper Discuss
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Waiting For Godot Essay, Research Paper Discuss the Ways in which Form and Visual Element of Waiting For Godot Reveal Beckett s view of the Meaning of Existence. On the surface Waiting for Godot is a hopeless play and was summed up by Jean Anouilh Nothing happens, nobody comes, nobody goes, it is terrible . However, Waiting for Godot is also a play primarily about hope in a hopeless situation. The act of waiting for hope to arrive. The subject of the play quickly becomes an example of how to pass the time in a situation which offers no hope. Beckett s meaning of existence therefore revolves around hope, hopelessness and chance. He uses various concepts and objects to represent tis ideas such as the hat, the tree, the boots and the bible. The meaning of the human life is an unanswerable question as it varies from person to person. Existentialism is an idea raised in this play, that is a theory emphasising the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining his or her own development. The underlying premise of Waiting for Godot is that chance is the determining factor behind existence and thus human life is controlled by chance. This notion is established early on in the play when Vladimir mentions the parable of the bible. V: One of the thieves was saved. Its a reasonable percentage. The word percentage takes on significance because it ties in the with idea of chance and represents how the fate of humanity determined is random, based on luck as to whether we shall perish or be saved by Godot. Time is meaningless in this play and this comes about as a direct result of chance, chance being the underlying factor of existence. There is continuos, cyclic pattern to the events in Waiting for Godot. Vladimir and Estragon return to the same place each day to wait for Godot and experience the same general events with slight variations each time. It is not known for how long in the past they have been doing this or how long they will continue to do it but since time is meaningless in this play, it is assumed that past, present and future all mean nothing. Time is essentially a mess and the ramifications of this on the existence of human life is symbolised by the differences in Pozzo and Lucky between the two acts. In Act 1 Pozzo is travelling to the market to sell Lucky his slave. Pozzo has decided to sell Lucky because they have been together over sixty years and Lucky, although he used to be a pleasant slave to have around has become quite annoying. There is nothing wrong with Pozzo and Lucky is told to dance and think. What comes out is a oratory mess filled with unfinished ideas. This is their situation the first time they meet Vladimir and Estragon. The next day however, everything has changed. Pozzo is now blind and Lucky mute. Like both Vladimir and Estragon, Pozzo also has absolutely no recollection of the previous meeting and claims that Lucky has always been mute even though just the day before he gave a long philosophical but confused narrative when commanded to think. Vladimir asks Pozzo when he became blind and Pozzo responds I woke up one fine day as blind as fortune . Vladimir is very persistent and continues questioning him. Pozzo becomes irritated and responds violently Don t question me . Pozzo s situation symbolises the effect of time on humans. The meaningless of a world based on chance degenerates human life into something that is worthless and is played with by luck and fortune. Beckett uses this change in Pozzo and Lucky to show us that human life is meaningless because time is meaningless. The world is Waiting for Godot is one without any meaningful pattern. There is absolutely no orderly sequence of the events and both time and place lose form. The objects take on greater importance and this symbolises chaos as the dominating force in the world. The tree is strick and barren one day but is covered with leaves the next day.