Vlad Tepes Essay Research Paper The Real

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Vlad Tepes Essay, Research Paper -The Real Prince Dracula- Yes, there was a real Dracula, and he was a true prince of darkness. He was Prince Vlad III Dracula, also known as Vlad Tepes, meaning “Vlad the Impaler.” The Turks called him Kaziglu Bey, or “the Impaler Prince.” He was the prince of Walachia, but, as legend suggests, he was born in Transylvania, which at that time was ruled by Hungary. A Transylvanian named Radu Negru, or Rudolph the Black founded Walachia in 1290. It was dominated by Hungary until 1330, when it became independent. The first ruler of the new country was Prince Basarab the Great (1310-1352), an ancestor of Dracula. Dracula’s grandfather, Prince Mircea the Old, reigned from 1386 to 1418. He participated in one too many losing battles against

the Turks and was forced to pay tribute to them. He and his descendants continued to rule Walachia, but as vassals of the Ottoman Empire. The throne of Walachia was not necessarily passed from father to son. The prince, or voivode, was elected by the country’s boyars, or land-owning nobles. This caused fighting among family members, assassinations, and other unpleasantness. Eventually the House of Basarab was split into two factions – Mircea’s descendants, and the descendants of another prince named Dan. Dan’s descendants were called the Danesti. Mircea had an illegitimate son, Vlad, born around 1390, who was educated in Hungary and Germany. Vlad served as a page for King Sigismund of Hungary, who became the Holy Roman Emperor in 1410. Sigismund founded a secret fraternal

order of knights called the Order of the Dragon to uphold Christianity and defend the empire against Turkey. Because of his bravery fighting Turks, Vlad was admitted to the Order, probably in 1431. The boyars started to call him Dracul, meaning “dragon.” Vlad’s second son would be known as Dracula, or “son of the dragon.” Dracul also meant, “devil.” So Dracula’s enemies, especially German Saxons, called him “son of the devil.” Interesting fact: members of the Order of the Dragon had a special costume to wear on Sundays. It was a red garment with a black cape over it . . . that’s why the fictional Dracula wears a cape! Eventually Sigismund made Vlad the military governor of Transylvania, a post he held from 1431 to 1435. During that time he lived in the town

of Sighisoara or Schassburg. You can still visit the citadel there and even the house where Vlad’s son Dracula was born. Today there’s a restaurant on the second floor. There’s also a mural in the house that may depict Vlad Dracul. -Young Dracula - Dracula was born in November or December of 1431. His given name was Vlad. He had an older brother, Mircea, and a younger brother, Radu the Handsome. Their mother may have been a Moldavian princess or a Tranyslvanian noble. It is said that she educated Dracula in his early years. Later he was trained for knighthood by an old boyar who had fought the Turks. Dracula’s father was not content to remain a mere governor forever. During his years in Transylvania, he gathered supporters for his plan to seize Walachia’s throne from

its current occupant, a Danesti prince named Alexandru I. In late 1436 or early 1437 Vlad Dracul killed Alexandru and became Prince Vlad II. Vlad was a vassal of Hungary and also had to pay tribute to Hungary’s enemy, Turkey. In 1442 Turkey invaded Transylvania. Vlad tried to stay neutral, but Hungary’s rulers blamed him and drove him and his family out of Walachia. A Hungarian general, Janos Hunyadi (who may have been the illegitimate son of Emperor Sigismund) made a Danesti named Basarab II the prince of Walachia. The following year Vlad regained the throne with the help of the sultan of Turkey. In 1444 he sent his two younger sons to Turkey to prove his loyalty. Dracula was about 13. He spent the next four years in Adrianople, Turkey as a hostage. In 1444 Hungary went to