Vitamin B6 Deficiency Essay Research Paper Vitamin

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Vitamin B6 Deficiency Essay, Research Paper Vitamin B6 Deficiency Main Topic Vitamins and Minerals A vitamin is any of various fat-soluble or water-soluble organic substances essential in minute amounts for normal growth and activity of the body and obtained naturally from plant and animal foods. A mineral is A naturally occurring, homogeneous inorganic solid substance having a definite chemical composition and characteristic crystalline structure, color, and hardness. Sub-topic Vitamin B6 Deficiency Vitamin B6 is used by the body as a catalyst in reactions that involve amino acids. Vitamin B6 deficiency is rare, since most foods eaten contain the vitamin. Vitamin B6 is also called pyridoxine. The definition of pyridoxine is A pyridine derivative, C18H21NO3, occurring

especially in cereals, yeast, liver, and fish and serving as a coenzyme in amino acid synthesis. Also called pyridoxine, a cofactor for enzymes. Deficiency leads to inflammation of the skin and mouth, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, weakness and anemia. Vitamin B6 can be helpful in certain patients with nerve conditions, such as carpal tunnel syndrome. Method of Action Vitamin B6 is required for normal synthesis of DNA, RNA, and amino acids, and is essential for the proper functioning of more than 60 enzymes. Vitamin B6 activates the release of glycogen from the muscles and liver, and is thus essential for the production of biological energy. Pyridoxine is an important coenzyme in the metabolization of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Vitamin B6 is required for the production of

hydrochloric acid and magnesium and is essential for absorption of vitamin B12. It also assists in optimizing linoleic acid s functions in the body. Vitamin B6 is essential in cell replication and for the production of red blood cells and the cells of the immune system. It is crucial for healthy pregnancy and proper functioning of the immune system, red blood cells, mucous membranes, and skin. Because these tissues are composed of rapidly replicating cells they require larger amounts of vitamin B6. It also aids in the utilization of the essential amino acid tryptophan. Pyridoxine assists in maintaining the balance of sodium and potassium, which regulate body fluids and control the nervous and musculoskeletal systems. Excessive amounts of vitamin B6 are excreted in the urine 8

hours after ingestion, and thus a daily intake of the vitamin along with other members of the B complex is needed. Vitamin B6 is not stored in the liver, but is found exclusively in the muscles. Vitamin B6 is required in the metabolization of carbohydrate, fats, and proteins and has a primary role in the utilization of proteins and amino acids. Pyridoxine is essential in the conversion of amino acids to carbohydrates or fats for storage or energy, the synthesis of new amino acids from carbohydrates, and the conversion of the amino acid tryptophan to niacin. Vitamin B6 provides a role in the development of most protein-related compounds including hormones, neurotransmitters such as serotonin, hemoglobin in red blood cells, and many enzymes. Pyridoxine is also necessary in the

production of prostaglandins, which are lipid-derived substances that are similar to hormones in that they influence and regulate a wide range of biological processes. Prostaglandins are involved in blood pressure regulation, muscle contraction and heart function. The formation and maintenance of the nervous system and the regulation of mental processes and mood also require the presence of sufficient levels of vitamin B6. Description Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin. The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for vitamin B6 is 2.0 mg/day for the adult man and 1.6 mg/day for the adult woman. Vitamin B6 in the diet generally occurs as a form called pyridoxal phosphate. In this form, the body cannot absorb it. During the process of digestion, the phosphate group is removed, and