Violence Children Who Own The Streets Essay — страница 3

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seventeen year old classmate at Reseda High School in February of 1993. ( California ). Robert Heard, a Reseda High football player, confronted Michael Shean Ensley in a corridor during midmorning snack break. He fired once, hitting Ensley in the chest. Ensley staggered outside and collapsed in a grassy quadrangle area near the administration office. Several who witnessed the incident initially thought it was play acting, but rushed the injured youth to the nurse’s office when they realized he was hurt. He was pronounced dead at Northridege Hospital Medical Center a shot time later. Robert was arrested shortly after. ( Baron 14). This was only one of the many stories that we hear about juvenile crimes. Not only do they kill but they join gangs to gain that power. Youth gangs

are ways out for teens who are in crisis or need special attention. Youth gangs of adolescent, usually male, from urban working class or under privileged districts, take part in aggressive and delinquent activities both within the gang and outside of it, fighting other gangs, committing assault and theft and damage to property,. Rarely are such gangs organized crime units, more often they are delinquent as a means for obtaining kicks. Increasingly street gangs are involved in drug trafficking, intimidation and violence. Some gangs have initiation rituals, including shooting people,. Youth gangs have developed in many countries, increasing ( like the general level of juvenile delinquency) in countries with a higher economic levels or with rapid social and economic change. In 1988,

622 wilding robberies were referred to New York’s City’s family court. It is the second most common crime among youths in New York city, after crack dealing. In Los Angeles in 1990 there were some 750 gangs; in 1994 the estimate was 885( 570 Latino and 315 Black). One of the biggest claim to have 10,000 members. By the year 2000 it is estimated that there will be 250,000 gang members in LA. County. Gang related robberies in 1989 were put at 1,800; murder at 570, and 8000 or more in 1992. Gangs offer an identity and opportunity for self assertion to youths under conditions where life holds out little else. With murders in the schools, families and gangs, there comes another crime that is rising as well. Sexual Offenses by juveniles is one that we can’t forget. In U.S.A from

1976 to 1986 the rate arrest for 13 and 14 year old accused of rape doubled to 40 arrests per 100,000 children. For sex offenses like exhibitionism, grabbing and fondling in the same age group arrests increased by 80%.. To sum it all up juvenile crime, as all crime has been increasing. Brutal crime among young offenders also is increasingly evidenced in reports, particularly on urban areas. Some offenders are psychotic and their offenses may range from suicide to mass murder. Others are anti-social given to minor acts of defiance. Ease of access to weapons ; drug addiction; unemployment; and economic motives, are the more obvious circumstances leading to crime; but modern societal stress, breakdown of family life, deviant role models, threats of nuclear war and the confusion in

values which produce unstable feelings and distorted ideas, probably all contribute to aggravate violence among youth. Despite the enormous amount of study devoted to it, a great many questions about juvenile delinquency still remained unanswered. The term covers a wide range of legally forbidden acts committed by young people who may be anything from 10 to 25 years of age. The highly varied misbehavior of these young people, who differ greatly in personal background, development, experience, and situation, is no homogeneous phenomenon. One view is that delinquent behavior develops when a youngster’s rewards in terms of money and goods, excitement, fellowship or revenge outstrip the costs of getting caught. Under age drinking and shoplifting were the most common offenses,

followed by truancy, taking drugs, vandalism, bullying, and joyriding. Over half cited to impress others and boredom as the reason for offending, followed by lack of money, peer pressure, lack of parental strictness and ability to get away with it. The extent of youthful crime is hard to judge. Since the second World War, a substantial increase in juvenile convictions has been recorded in many countries. As offenders, boys outnumber girls in a ratio of about 10:1. Juvenile delinquency rates may rise with higher general technological economic level and in situations of varied social change. Hence Western Europe, USA and Japan have high levels of juvenile delinquency. Youth gangs are noted also in Taiwan, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Poland, USSR and Yugoslavia. Juvenile