Violence And Pornography — страница 6
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clients(perhaps 10 to 20 percent) use hard-core pornography. Heestimates that half may have substance abuse problems, andadds that alcohol seems more directly involved in abusethan pornography (Kaminer 115). The statement made byAdams and the view that pornography does not contribute tothe act of sex crimes is heavily outweighed, however, bythe various studies connecting violence and pornography.Bill Marshall s observations on his patients and theexamples of individual crimes originating frompornography, show this acclimation to be invalidated. Some also say that attacks on pornography merelyreflect the majority of feminist s disdain for men,cynically stating that people who fear pornography thinkof all men as potential abusers, whose violent impulsesare bound to be sparked by pornography (114). ResearcherCatherin MacKinnon, says that pornography works as abehavioral conditioner, reinforcer, and stimulus, not asidea or advocacy (114). However, this idea is proven tobe false by the use of pornography in and by the Serbianmilitary. This example shows that pornography doesadvocate sex crimes and that ideas of sexual violence areable to be stemmed from the viewing of pornography. Pornography has become to most just another one ofthose cold, nasty facts of life that cannot be stopped, sosome choose to ignore it. This attitude has to change. After reviewing the abuse and subordination delegated towomen as an almost indisputable result of the massinfiltration of pornography into modern society, it shouldbe impossible for someone not to want to do somethingabout it. What can be done is for those concerned to tryto spread the word and educate others as much as possibleto the dangers of this sort of material. If people knewthe roots of some of their more violent behavior, it couldbe deminished, thus protecting the future and health ofour communities. From its inception, in most cases, pornography is amedia that links sexual gratification and violencetogether. This fact can only lead a rational mind to theconclusion that a chain of events will begin, combiningsex and violence further in the minds of those who watchpornography and will ensure an unhealthy attitude towardswomen and their sexual identities. Only throughdiscussion and individual action can the perpetuation ofthe negative impacts of pornography be swept from theclosets and dark corners of the American household. b1c Allen, Mike. Exposure to Pornography and Acceptance ofRape Myths. Journal of Communication. Winter,1995: 5-21. Bart, Pauline B., and Patricia H. O Brien. Stopping Rape:Successful Survival Strategies. New York: PergamonPress, 1985. Burt, M. Cultural Myths and Supports for Rape. Journalof Personality and Social Psychology. 38 (1980):217-230. Cameron, Deborah, and Elizabeth Frazer. The Lust to Kill.New York: New York UP, 1987. Carol, Avedon. Free Speech and the Porn Wars. NationalForum. 75.2 (1985): 25-28. Clark, Charles S. Sex, Violence, and the Media. CQResearcher. 17 Nov. 1995: 1019-1033. Dworkin, Andrea. The Real Pornography of A Brutal WarAgainst Women. Los Angeles Times. 5 Sept. 1993,M2+. Itzin, Catherine. Pornogrpahy and Civil Liberties. National Review. 75.2 (1985): 20-24. Jacobson, Daniel. Freedom of Speech Acts? A Response to Langton. Philosophy & Public Affairs. Summer 1992:65-79. Jenish, D Arcy. The King of Porn. Maclean s. 11 Oct. 1993: 52-56. – - – - Did Sexy Kalvin Klein Ads Go Too Far? Maclean s. 2 Oct. 1995: 36. Kaminer, Wendy. Feminists Against the First Amendment. The Atlantic Monthly. Nov. 1992: 111-118. Leidholdt, Margaret. Take Back The Night: Women onPornography. New York: William Morrow and Company,Inc., 1980. Nicols, Mark. Viewers and Victims. Newsweek. 10 Aug. 1983: 60. Russell, Diana E.H., ed. Making Violence Sexy: FeministView on Pornography. New York: Teachers CollegePress, 1994. Webster s Dictionary. Miami Florida. P.S.I. &Associates. 1987: 286. Weisz, Monica G., and Christopher M. Earls. The Effectsof Exposure to Filmed Sexual Violence on AttitudesToward Rape. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.March 1995: 71-84. Whicclair, Mark. R. Feminism, Pornography, andCensorship. Contemporary Moral Problems. ed. JamesWhite. Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN: 1994. White, Mary. Women As Victim: The New Stereotype. Spin. Apr. 1992: 60-65.