Vietnam War Essay Research Paper HELICOPTERS IN

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Vietnam War Essay, Research Paper HELICOPTERS IN VIETNAM Early in 1961 General Maxwell Taylor, who was then Military Advisor to John F. Kennedy, went out to Southeast Asia to find out just what was happening there. During his visit to Vietnam, he noticed the lack of good roads inhibited the movement of government troops in fighting the Viet Cong. His reports to the president motivated Kennedy to help the South Vietnamese in their struggle against communism. Although he quickly decided to help out, the president knew that new army techniques and weapons would have to be administered to combat in the dense jungle terrain, still new to the United States Army. Kennedy proceeded to send in a newly improved military innovation to help American troops fight the rising Vietnamese

War. This innovation was the Helicopter. On December 11, 1961, the U.S. aircraft carrier ?Card? carried the first Army H-21 helicopters to South Vietnam.(Gregory 12) During the Vietnam War, the helicopter proved to be a necessity in being able to combat the power of the Viet Cong. The helicopter is a member of a very versatile group of airplanes known as vertical takeoff and landing craft. The main advantage in the jungles of Vietnam was the helicopters ability to takeoff and land in a small area without the use of a runway. In 1100 the Chinese were the first to invent the concept of the rotating blades with a helicopterlike top. In 1843, Sir George Cayley built a steam driven helicopter that rose a few feet, but was too heavy to be practical. In Spain, Juan de la Cievera built

the first Autogiro in 1923. The autogiro was the father of the helicopter. Although the Autogiro is not at all fast, it requires no fuel and flies on the concept of autorotation. Autorotation was adapted to modern helicopters in case of power loss, where the helicopter could land safely without crashing. The first practical flight of a helicopter in the United States took place in 1939, when Igor Sikorsky flew his VS-300. (Comptons 1) Helicopters played and overwhelmingly important part in the war in Vietnam. The Vietnam War is referred to by many historians as the ?helicopter war?, because of its primary use of helicopters. The dense jungle terrain made most parts of Vietnam inaccessible to most of the conventional war machines such as tanks and cargo vehicles, and pretty much

anything that was big and rolled on tracks or tires. Although there were some roads, nearly all of them were country-type, two-track roads that flooded and turned muddy during the annual monsoon season. This poor maneuverability forced the involvement of a new type of locomotion. (Masaki 1) The helicopters proved necessary to move troops to one place to another, but had many advantages outside the primary function. They served as air raid attackers, troop deployment, evacuation, medical rescuers, and supply ships. Some helicopters even fought alongside troops in the battlefield hovering close to the ground, which proved effective because of its ability to move around and attack from various angles, and then could easily fly off to another battle and help there.(Gregory 19) Along

with the extensive uses of the many types of helicopters, one series of helicopter in particular stands out. The Heuy series of attack helicopters was without a question, one of the most versatile helicopters. Between 1961-65 the idea of heliborne assault infantry was ingenious new concept. The Heuy was the best suitable for assault landings because of its maneuverability and quickness. Hueys also flew escort for the Chinook helicopters that would carry artillery and other heavy equipment. The extensively wide range of uses extends to usage as medical transports, because the Hueys could fly in, load the injured soldier, and fly back out with much quickness, before they were shot down. Many of the Hueys were also airborne medical stations too. All together there were well over