Vietnam Essay Research Paper VietnamIn the Vietnam — страница 2
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forests. Modern weapons such as napalm and Agent Orange were dropped to clear the forests which also cleared the enemies supply of rice (Comptons). Back in the U.S. the Antiwar movement was growing. Leftist college students, members of traditional pacifist religious groups, long-time peace activists, and citizens of all ages opposed conflict. These efforts may have effected the war. It may have helped set limits on the conflict, and prevented a even wider war. The Antiwar movement defiantly affected U.S. society and boosted North Vietnamese morale. Late 1967 the war was stalemated. U.S. tactics were not producing victory. Hanoi began planning a series of action for a new offensive. They wanted to attract attention by attacking a base at Khe Sanh which hopefully would draw U.S. and South Vietnamese attention. Then attack other cities including Saigon. Reserves were stationed to boost support if any of the cities were taken (Groliers). The first part was successful, U.S. troops were moved to help Khe Sanh. The attacks on cities began on Tet, the lunar holiday, January 30, 1968. The Viet Cong attacked the cities and district capitals including the attack on Saigon. Ultimately the attacks failed after three weeks of fighting, and 40,000 losses among the VC. The attempt shocked the U.S. public, and the Viet Cong won a big propaganda victory (Groliers). U.S. had obtained documents which showed that the Viet Cong were planning an attack, but the size and scope were unknown. Tet turned out to be a well planned attack by the VC, and it caused major opposition to the war including a realization that the was is not winnable. The VC proved that they had the ability to strike even in secure cities. While the U.S. studied their situation 20,000 more troops were sent to Vietnam (out of a original request for 206,000) (Comptons). We also urged the South Vietnamese to step up their efforts in the war. The media held a negative view on the war and soon negotiations began. The Tet offensive put the U.S. in a predicament. Either try and end the war, or step up our action and win the war. At this point nothing really happens, primarily for two reasons, the U.S. was having elections, and we were undecided about what we should do. Almost 7 years after the Tet offensive the war is resolved. During the 7 years the U.S. continued to bomb North Vietnam, and there were multiple attempts at negotiations to try and settle the war, during these peace talks the fighting continued. The was was costing the U.S. money and lives, something which Congress didn’t want to continue. Congress decided on a bill which by passing the War Powers Act required the president to withdrawal troops within 60 days if congress didn’t endorse the conflict. This meant the end of the U.S. involvement in the war which left it up to the South Vietnamese. The U.S. provided financial aid up until 1975 when the U.S. pulled out. Finally on April 30th, 1976 the new South Vietnam president, Duong Van Minh surrendered (Comptons). From beginning to end this war was handled wrong. It seems that the U.S. got into the war to uphold democracy, and then the war got a little dirty. We were not sure if we should fight or negotiate a resolution. Plus loosing support from the public adversely affected some government decisions. What should have been done to win the war was obvious. Provide an overwhelming U.S. presence which could crush a communist regime. If that goal can not be accomplished then the war is over. The U.S. needed to finish what it started. Plus the extensive use of bombing should have been backed up with a reasonable ground assault which could hold a defined front. That kind of action would have increased the death total which would have lost more of the publics support. The best thing is this country should have learned from their mistake with this war, and to not let it occur again.