Veganism Essay Research Paper Veganism can dramatically — страница 2

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that the animals chew through their own limbs to escape. Some materials Vegans do not wear consist of leather, wool, fur, etc. Most people believe that shearing is not only harmless, but necessary to rid sheep of excess wool foisted on them by nature. Like much information about animal-agriculture practices, this, too, is a myth. Merinos are the most commonly raised wool producing sheep. Their unnatural skin folds and excessive coats cause severe heat exhaustion and fly infestations. To reduce fly problems, the sheep are subject to mulesing, a surgical procedure performed on about 20 % of Australia s 150 million sheep. The great majority of wool used for clothing in the United States comes from Australia, which produces nearly one-third of the world s supply. Mulesing involves

cutting large strips of flesh off of the hind legs of 4 week old lambs. Another procedure is called tail docking, designed to maintain the salable condition of the wool surrounding a sheep s anus, whereby the tail and some skin are cut off with a knife. Because of economic and logistic considerations, these procedures are performed on fully conscious lambs without analgesic, producing varying degrees of acute pain that may last for hours or even days. Sheep, like most farmed animals, have been genetically manipulated. Previously sheep shed their wool naturally. Today modern sheep, however, produce abnormally excessive amounts of wool. As a result, they are no longer capable of shedding their wool and must be shorn. Sheep shearers are paid by piece rate; the more sheep sheared,

the more money they earn. Therefore, speed alone dictates the shearing process. Because there is no incentive to deal with the animals carefully, the sheep are often violently handled. As a result, sheep are frequently cut and injured during a shearing. After being sheared, the animals must endure extreme weather conditions without protection. A closely shaven sheep is more sensitive to cold than a naked human, since a sheep s natural body temperature is much higher than ours, roughly about 102 degrees. During cold weather, hundreds of thousands of sheep die of exposure or freeze to death, and in hot weather, freshly shorn sheep suffer painful sunburns. Leather must be treated to prevent it from rotting or becoming extremely rigid in the cold or flaccid in the heat; thereby

rendering it unusable. Treatments to leather are environmentally unsound; in addition, they preserve the animals skin and make it incapable of biodegrading. Leather tanneries not only emit a foul odor, but also produce a host of pollutants, including lead, zinc, formaldehyde, dyes, and cyanide based chemicals. Tannery runoff contains those toxic substances as well as large amounts of hair, proteins, salt, sludge, sulfides, and acids, which are discharged into rivers and groundwater. Furthermore, workers in the tannery are exposed to carcinogenic substances such as coal, tar derivatives, toxic chemicals, and noxious waste. Purchasing leather goods supports the ongoing contamination of our air, land, and water from tannery toxins. The United States cattle industry produces 158

million tons of waste per year, and live stock production is the number one cause of water pollution in the United States. From 1960- 1985, over 40% of the Central American rainforests were destroyed to create grazing land for cattle. Understandably, dairy farmers want the public to desire their products and feel good about using them. Even though human beings are the only creatures on Earth that consume another animal s milk after growing old enough to not need it anymore. As a result, the dairy industry has painted a utopian but highly fallacious image of modern dairy production. Impressions aside, dairy is a big business and with all business, interests boil down to the bottom line. 70% of dairy cows and 25% of heifers are bred artificially. Genetic manipulation is customary

and rampant. Dairy cows suffer the entirety of their brief lives enduring illness and pain caused by barbaric confinement practices, rigorous automatic milking systems, endless cycles if pregnancies, artificial inseminations, drugs, hormones, and genetic manipulations, prior to facing the ultimate horror of death, making dairy production certainly as brutal and murderous a trade as meat production. But because the dairy industry is shrouded with in civic approval leveraged by powerful lobbying force, it receives extensive governmental subsidies, has a stranglehold on our federally funded school lunch programs, and has carried favor with the medical and healthcare communities. The blood and tears that go into every glass of milk are masked by manipulative marketing crusades,