Uzbekistan-U. S. Economic Relations Problems and Perspectives — страница 7

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ministries as well as facilitate communication and transparency for Uzbek citizens. The U.S. Government also provided a grant to the National Bank of Uzbekistan that funded a U.S. consultant who helped in the preparation of projects to be financed under a $50 million U.S. Export-Import Bank credit line for Uzbek SMEs. Under this credit line, Uzbek SMEs will be able to access U.S. equipment and technology to assist them in their development efforts. Using FY 2004 funding, security and nonproliferation assistance continues to focus on supporting military reform, improving Uzbekistan’s counter-proliferation capabilities, promoting regional cooperation, and improving border security to help stop the flow of illegal narcotics, weapons of mass destruction (WMD), and other illicit

items through Uzbekistan. Our Export Control and Related Border Security Assistance (EXBS) program continues to work with Uzbek export control officials, customs, and border guard to improve their prevention capabilities against weapons proliferation and other illicit trafficking. The U.S. also provides nonproliferation assistance for Uzbekistan, including funding to secure biological pathogens and to conduct joint research and disease surveillance activities with biological and chemical scientists. The U.S. funds science centers and bio-chem redirect, and bioindustry initiative programs and works through the multilateral Science and Technology Center in Ukraine to engage scientists in transparent, sustainable, cooperative civilian research projects. The U.S. also provides

nonproliferation assistance to the Civilian Research and Development Foundation (CRDF). The Department of Energy is helping to secure nuclear materials. Law enforcement assistance programs seek to strengthen counter-narcotics capabilities, help reform and restructure the Prosecutor’s Office and law enforcement agencies, and introduce Western methods and standards for the conduct of criminal investigations and prosecutions. U.S. Government funding promotes proper treatment of prisoners through prison service training and seeks to prevent the use of torture in the course of police investigations. Initial assistance to the Uzbek border guards and customs services has been provided to begin interdicting narcotics trafficking across the Uzbek/Afghan border. Humanitarian programs are

shipping approximately $10 million in privately donated medicines, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment and supplies, emergency shelter items, school equipment and supplies, food, and clothing to the most needy individuals, families, and institutions. Uzbek - US economic relations could be considered to be on a very basic level. The relations are far from Win/Win situation, and probably Lose/Win at best. A lot of issues are still waiting to be seriously addressed.                         References: Uzbek Ministry of Macroeconomics and Statistics U.S. Department of State. 12 March 2002. “U.S., Uzbekistan Sign Nonproliferation Implementation Agreement”. Retrieved: 11/30/2004. Economic Cooperation

Organization (ECO) site at Library of Congress, Country Studies site at Lee, Jonathan. 9/27/2001. “General Motors acquires Daewoo Motor in a $400M deal” Retrieved: 11/30/04. Daene C. McKinney and Akmal Kh. Karimov, “Amu Darya River Water Allocation Model” prepared for Central Asia Mission of U.S. Agency for International Development. Environmental Policy and Technology Project, Contract No. CCN-0003-Q-08-3165-00. Almaty, Kazakhstan, 1996. Online References: