Utopian Dreams Essay Research Paper Utopian DreamsThroughout

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Utopian Dreams Essay, Research Paper Utopian Dreams Throughout the ages, man has come to idealize a word that is most commonly related to ?heavenly? or ?perfect? without actually picking up the book and realizing for themselves that there is no such thing. A Utopian society could never exist because man is made to want, to desire success. Man is competitive by nature and would never be happy in a society where everyone is equal and there is no chance of advancement. Sir Thomas More dreamt of a land that was much like England but could never surpass time. He opened the eyes of a nation and made its people desire something new. Views were significantly changed and the world would never be the same. Sir Thomas More inspired dramatic changes in religion, community life and even

paved the way for communism. And he did all of this through one simple book about one simple society. In a perfect utopian society, there is no official religion. The people are allowed freedom of belief. ?Some worship for god the sun, some the moon, some some other of the planets? (117). The only thing that they all believe in is that there is one supreme ruler that creates miracles and brings them such joy. This is all quite contrary to the beliefs held in 1516 England. Their opinions resemble those of Christianity: their priestly caste, their high standard of morality, their prayers, and their hymns. However, in England the Roman Catholic Church allowed no freedom of beliefs. In fact, the church was firm in its insistence upon the principle of one church and one authoritative

doctrine. More even went so far as to poke fun at the idea of the priests of Utopia being men of eminent piety. This remark, under normal circumstances, should be taken as a matter of course. However, in Europe at the time there were many outcries against the laxity and corruption among the clergy. Therefore, many saw this as an indirect thrust at the Christian priesthood. The fact that Utopian priests could marry represents a significant difference from the Catholic vow of celibacy. This was shocking to the citizens and especially clergy of England and Europe. The idea of a married priest was not something that they were quite ready for but were willing to think about. Another surprising contrast to Christian rule was that in Utopia, women were appointed to the priesthood

occasionally. Although there were many contrasts, there was one overwhelmingly similar point among the two religions. In Utopia Atheists were scorned by the public and were not allowed to hold any sort of public office. This was similar to England at the time because of the overwhelming presence of one strict religion. Many found that More was recommending modifications to religion while others thought his writings of religion were fantasy just like the rest of the book. One thing is for certain, it made people think. Community life in Utopia is something very important to More. The citizens live in what are now called communes, which he refers to as ?families?. These families consist of forty men and women that live and work together. However, in Utopia, each of these communes

has two slaves and a magistrate who presides over thirty of these homes. The life of a farmer in Utopia was not much different from that of an English farmer in the 1500?s with the exception of living with so many other people. Much like in England, the Utopian farmer did not own the land he farmed or the house he lived in. It was simply a question of who owned the place one farmed ? a rich lord in England or the state in Utopia. What is really different is that there existed an opportunity to change jobs or activities for the Utopians because farm work was more difficult on the body than most city occupations. As More describes it, ?These husbandmen plow and till the ground, and breed up cattle, and provide and make ready wood which they carry to city either by land or by water