Utilitarianism Vs Cultural Ethical Relativism Essay Research — страница 2
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be a moment at which it is possible to say that the amount of happiness caused will definitely outweigh the amount of harm. One is never in a position to know with absolute certainty the relative amounts of happiness or pain that any action will cause. Therefore, in each of the scenarios, (D) First and foremost, I believe that if the decisions in both scenarios were made simply to avoid public embarrassment, then both were immoral. Since, Utilitarianism focuses on results, which are external to the person making the moral choice, it does not adequately take into account the motive for making a choice. However, I believe motivation is an important aspect in considering whether a person was behaving in a moral way. I believe that all actions to find another person with the correct antibodies should have been taken. I also believe that other mothers who were planning on aborting their fetuses should have been approached and persuaded to help in the cause. I also strongly feel that there are moral rules that should not be broken, irrespective of the consequences. Scenario 2 falls into this category in my opinion. I only believe that these actions are moral if the mother was going to abort her baby irregardless of the situation. I believe it was immoral to persuade a pregnant person into aborting her fetus only for the possibility of saving others lives. Questions to rais: How do you evaluate the results of an action? Is happiness to be judged by a person’s feelings alone, or is there some more objective way of assessing it? What are your criteria for saying that a result is good? Should you consider only the immediate happiness that an action brings, or should you rather look to its longterm consequences?