UsCanada Free Trade Essay Research Paper OutlineIntroductionHistory — страница 2

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living standard. However, except for that direct effect, other indirect issues such as public service and the culture of Canadian must be discuss in here too. People maybe surprised to hear that how does the free trade agreement is able to affect the public services in Canada. Actually, the Free trade restrictions have limited the ability of governments to respond to the social problem. Investments in Canada decease, taxation income to government decreases too. In the other way, unemployment increase, more people will depend more on social assistance such as health care, unemployment insurance, and other public services continue to grow too. Instead of supporting these services, the federal government has dismantled them. The federal government transferred these to the provincial

and municipal government. In Metro Toronto, for instance, the number of welfare cases has increased at an annual rate of 20 percent. Beginning the same year, the federal government imposed a 5 percent cap on increases in its annual Canada Assistance Plan transfers to Ontario, Alberta, and British Columbia. Over three years this cap has cost the Ontario government $3.7 billion in lost revenue for social assistance programs.4 Canadian is supposed to have some protection of their culture in the Free Trade Agreement. ” Canada’s claims that special protective measures that fully and permanently exempt culture from the rules of free trade are “enshrined” in Article 2005 of FTA”5. However, this is not really the case Canadian is having right now. Since more products from US is

now able to come into the Canadian market, especially some cultural products. These cultural products included television broadcasting, music, books and movies etc. ” since 1988, sales of American recorded music to oversea has exceed the domestic US market already”6. Not only to mention the economy advantage gained from the US, but it also affect the new generation cultural development in Canada. Environment Canada is a resources rich country, and many people are depending on the natural resource industry. Under the free trade agreement, our government is constrained to regulate exports and imports of resources, also the use of local and regional development strategies, subsidies and environmental standard are being constrained too. One of the important natural resources in

Canada is the lumber. Since 1950, Canadian forests are in serious trouble because of over cutting and inadequate reforestation practices. The federal government has heavily subsidized reforestation carried out in Canada in the past, but the US regard it as an unfair trade practice and a subsidy to our lumber exports. Therefore, the right of Canadian government to establish environmental assistance programs is being challenged. Another major environmental concern is the waste disposal in Canada. From the free trade agreement, waste disposal policy has been deregulated. Waste from US is now more easily to dispose in Canada. “Forth-fifths of all the toxic waste it (US) dumps ends up to Canada now”7. Following that trend, Canada will become a dumping country by the very soon.

Conclusion From the previous three arguments, it has been stated very clearly that the Free Trade Agreement is obviously not favorable to the Canadian at all. Usually, the mobility of people is limited; this may due to the family and cultural factors. However, capitals are now free to flow between US, Canada and Mexico after the establishment of FTA. This results unemployment in the unfavorable country the first, then other indirect unfavorable outcomes follow. Therefore, the very first thing Canada government has to do is to develop another side-agreement for the labor standard. Otherwise the result maybe ending up that Canada’s provinces will become the new states in the United States. Bibliography BARLOW, MAUDE. 1990. Parcel of Rogues, How Free Trade is failing Canada.

Toronto: Key Porter Books Limited. CAMERON, DUCAN AND WATKINS, MEL. 1993. Canada Under Free Trade. Toronto: James Lorimer & Company Ltd. WAARNOCK, JOHN W. 1988. Free Trade and the New Right Agenda. New Star Books Ltd. 330