Us Role In Foreign Policy Essay Research

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Us Role In Foreign Policy Essay, Research Paper US Role in the World The role of foreign policy in the United States is a widely disputed area of politics. There are two distinct schools of thought that I believe, upon combining, will lead to a better approach to foreign policy. The first school of thought is hegemonic realism, the second, prudent realism. Through these two approaches America will be able to do a better job in helping other nations, while achieving our national interests. The advantage of combining these two schools is in a sense, combining the best of both worlds. It is not my belief that this approach is in any way the best. However, I firmly believe that this is the best of our current options. When considering foreign policy we, (The US) must take into

account and constantly remind ourselves that the US makes up a small population of the world. The importance of this reminder is quite obvious. We can not without justification put national interests ahead of our humanity. We have learned from mistakes in the past that harsh reparations drive a country to instability, resulting in the rise of dangerous leaders. For instance, Adolf Hitler rose to power because of the harsh reparations after WW I. The ideals behind prudent realism stem from the results of WW I. My approach to prudent realism is to synthesize only a couple points from that school of thought and apply them to hegemonic realism. One aspect of prudent realism that is beneficial is, the analysis of the importance of different global affairs. Prudent realism breaks the

severity of threats down into three different categories. The exact details of what the categories are, are irrelevant. The important part about this is the notion that we can apply our resources to the most needed areas of the world, while still protecting our national interests. Humanitarian disasters will be more successfully diminished when all life comes into the national interests of the United States. Currently however, the prudent things consist of oil and other monetary justification. For instance it would not be prudent to allocate all of our resources to lesser developed countries, while we are losing money and respect with our oil rich allies. The responsibilities of a super power in the world system may enter into another countries borders upon crimes against

humanity. We have this exemplified through the NATO intervention in Kosovo. The complication of these certain instances confuse the prudent realists. This is because it would not be in our national interests to interfere with a civil war. However, the advantage to the combination of prudent and hegemonic realism is that, while we know we can not predict the future, we can shape it to make the future better. This gives us (and NATO) the justification to enter in such a conflict. There are numerous advantages to hegemonic realism. One advantage is the acknowledgment that, we are the most powerful country on the planet. We possess the power to both destroy and glorify the years to come. This simple acknowledgment makes us fully aware of the importance of America and it s role in

foreign policy. Now that we have established the importance of our role in the world, we must look at what can we do to make the world not just safe for democracy, but safe for humanity. If one could imagine a world twenty years from now, that is in shambles, would the world not blame the US? I think the blame and fault, no matter what way one looks at it, would automatically fall into the hands of the United States. This is because of the inherited responsibilities that come with being a superpower. A child can not just get allowance for nothing, right? That child must do his or her chores. The chores of the US are those acts that are both prudent/wise, and realistic in terms of the ends. Prudent realism says we must have a limited doctrine of humanitarian intervention. This is