Untitled Essay Research Paper Old Man and

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Untitled Essay, Research Paper Old Man and The Sea In the novel The Old Man and the Sea, Ernest Hemingway uses the literary device of metaphors. Hemingway uses the metaphor of the ocean to symbolize life and to depict the role that individuals play in life. Hemingway uses the metaphor of the lions to signify people who live their lives as active participants. The tourists in the novel represent the individuals, who in observe their lives and are not active participants. In the novels that Ernest Hemingway writes, he uses metaphors to reflect his life experiences and opinions. The ocean in The Old Man and the Sea is a metaphor, which representsHemingway’s personel view of life. Hemingway believes that in life everyone must findtheir own niche and uses the metaphor of the

ocean and the boats on it to demonstratethis….most of the boats were silent except for the dip of the oars. They spread apart after they were out of the mouth of the harbour and each one headed for the part of the ocean where he hoped to find fish. The old man knew he was going far out…1(page 22)Hemingway feels that in life there are people who participate in life and people whoobserve life as it passes just like on the ocean where there are boats that do not test theirboundaries. The boats are the people in life, and most of the boats are silent. They paddlewithin the areas they know to be safe and always are cautious not to upset the life thatthey have established for themselves. Hemingway is explaining that most people don’traise a commotion, they just allow life to

happen to them. The old man is testing hislimits, he is challenging the ocean, and rowing where he wants to go, not where the oceanwants to take him. Hemingway believes that in life, the farther a person stays from theobservers, the more free and exhilarated they will be.If there is a hurricane, you always see the signs of it in the sky for days ahead, if you are at sea. They do not see it ashore because they do not know what to look for, he thought. The land must make a difference too, in the shape of the clouds. But we have no hurricane coming now.2(page 51)Hemingway theorizes that in life there are going to be unexpected collisions. Just as thesea creates storms life creates storms. Those who live life to the fullest will be the leastaffected by these storms because they have

the strength and the knowledge to handlethem, but the observers or those on land will be destroyed because they do not have thepower to handle the destruction that the storms will cause. The individuals who are farout to sea have the knowledge that the ocean will test them with momentous storms, andthis is why they go so far out to sea. The people who Hemingway thinks face life head-on are represented by lions in the novel. Hemingway uses the metaphor of the lion to depict the participants in life.When Santiago is a child he visits Africa, and tells Manolin of the lions he sees. “When Iwas your age I was before the mast on a square-rigged ship and that ship ran to Africaand I have seen lions on the beaches in the evening.”3(page 17) Hemingway uses thelions on the beach as a

metaphor, because most lions would never be found on a beach.The only lions that would ever be found on a beach are the lions who are equivalent tothe humans who are participants. The lions on the beach are going where most lionswould never dare go. These lions are testing their boundaries, seeing just how far theycan go, just like participants. This line also hints at Hemingway’s belief that ageimpairs, but does not extinguish one’s ability to be participants in their own lives.Santiago realizes that all of his glories were in his youth, and strongly relates the powerthat the lions in his dreams have to his youth. He no longer dreamed of storms, nor of women, nor of great occurrences, nor of great fish, nor fights, nor contests of strength, nor of his wife. He only dreamed