Untitled Essay Research Paper Hitler and the — страница 4

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simply”something irrational,something infectious that makes the blood pulse through one’s veins and conveys the impression that something great is underway”.”If you can’t feel it you will never grasp it”he concludes,neatly encapsulating the phenomenem (16). It is,however,quite possible that this schoolmaster did not want to expose his boys as hardened Nazis and so exaggerated the extent of this mystical ‘phenomenon’.What is harder to discredit is the Potsdam Hitler youth rally of October 1932 to which 80,000 children from all over Germany travelled – some of whom had”been on the road for days through not entirely clement weather,just to listen to the Fuhrer”(17) .His legendary gift for oratory was shown – by such dedication from his young audience – to

be one of the Nazis’ most potent weapons in indoctrinating National Socialism. Despite the tidal wave of support that made the Nazis by far the largest parliamentary party in the early 1930s,they were still some way off achieving the two-thirds majority in the Reichstag necessary to obtain power.National Socialist morale began to waver when President Hindenburg chose the Catholic aristocrat Franz Von Papen and not Hitler for Chancellor after Bruning’s resignation on the 30th of May 1932.After fighting an unrelenting and exhausting propaganda war for almost three years,the entire movement had asssummed they had at last reached their goal.It appeared that Hitler’s policy of obtaining power through democratic means had failed.The infamous Dr. Goebbels,in his diary entrant of

that day,gives an invaluable insight into the Nazi frame of mind at this point in time when he comments on Hitler’s failure:”As The Fuhrer now relays the news to the SA leaders,it is hard to know if they will be able to hold their units together.Nothing is harder than to tell a troop with victory already in their grasp that their assignment has come to nothing!” (18) And yet even at this low ebb the Nazis were aided!Chancellor von Papan was bent on replacing the democratic system of Weimar with his own authoritarian dictatorship as soon as possible.To this end,he dismissed the Prussian government – a coalition of Social Democrats and Catholic Centre and long a target of right-wing hostility.Civil servants with Weimar sympathies were replaced with Nationalists.This casual

deposition of the republic’s largest state left whatever credibility Weimar still had virtually destroyed,hence ensuring that Hitler did not have to waste valuable resources in destroying it himself. Von Papen’s reign as Chancellor lasted barely six months before he was replaced by his defence minster,Kurt von Schleicher.Schleicher was a man to whom the idea of a dictatorship,aristocratic or otherwise,was anathema – he could see that in a modern industrial society it was impossible to rule without some degree of mass support,however it was acquired.To this end,he promised to do what Papen failed to do – bring Hitler,and hence a large section of the country,on board.However,when it became clear that Hitler was unwilling to be a subordinate,the Chancellor at once sought to

try and divide the party by offering the leading Nazi Gregor Strasser the post of vice-chancellor – a post he was eager to accept.Unsurprisingly,Hitler did not intend to be undermimed in this way and on the 8th December Strasser promptly resigned from the party,complaining that he had been ‘isolated’by the leadership.Strasser’s reluctance to lead a mutiny against Hitler along with the unfoundering loyalty of the party leadership to Hitler ensured that the problem was not allowed to cause any further divisions.The increasing restlessness of the party’s grassroots continued,however,and Dr.Goebbels again sounded worried when he observed that it “was becoming increasingly difficult to hold the stormtroopers on a straight course.It is high time we attained power and at the

moment there is no sign of it” (19).Again,however,the Nazis were helped by the inadvertant actions of others – this time by Chancellor Schleicher’s efforts to promote an atmosphere of ‘co-operation’ with the workers/trade unions(which ,as Business ‘theory’ will tell you,should increase worker efficiency and productiveness – hence ensuring steady profits for Big Business).Big Business was,however,still very much tied to the ‘them and us’ system of management and the old reactionaries were hostile to any change in approach.Also hostile to the Reich Chancellor were the agrarians who were indignant by his seeming to favour the light and export-orientated industries(essential to revive trade links with the rest of the world).Both heavy industrialists and