Untitled Essay Research Paper Essay IRelativism The

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Untitled Essay, Research Paper Essay I Relativism: The Tangible Theory Since the beginning of rational thought, philosophers have searched for the true meaning of morality. Many theorists have attempted to answer this question with reasoning, in an attempt to find a universal set of rules, or a way to distinguish right from wrong. Some theorists believe that this question is best answered by a single moral standard, while others debate if there can be a single solution. Cultural Relativism explores the idea that there can be no one moral standard that applies to everyone at any given time. The Kantian theory, on the other hand, states that a universal sense of duty, would most benefit humankind. I believe that the Cultural Relativist theory takes into consideration the

different cultures that make up the population as a whole. The idea of universal truth in ethics, is a myth. The customs of different societies are all that exist. These customs can not be ‘correct’ or ‘incorrect’ for that implies there is an independent standard of right and wrong by which they may be judged. In today’s global community people are interacting more and we are now discovering, more then ever, how diverse cultures and people really are. For these reasons the Cultural Relativist theory best defines what morality is, and where it came from. Today all over the world people are communicating in ways never before imagined. Cultural Relativism believes that one set of morals will not adequately adapt to the individuality of all the cultures and subcultures in

the world. What this means is that there is no one moral law that fits every situation at every time. There will always be exceptions to the rules. Cultural Relativism leaves the creation of moral and ethical standards to the community. The community then makes moral judgments based on its specific culture, history, and individuality. For these reasons Cultural Relativism helps the community, by letting the community set its own moral standards, rather than impose a set of morals, as the absolutists would suggest. Imposing a set of universal morals would not be able to compensate for all the different cultural differences that exist today. If a universal moral law were to be created, what criteria would be considered? Would one use each communities’s religion, customs, laws,

educational standards, or culture? It would be impossible to take into consideration all of the different factors unique to each community when creating a universal moral truth. That is why Cultural Relativism is the best solution for moral standards, each community considers all their own factors of culture, religion, education, etc. and then create their own set of morals based on their needs. There are many different situations in everyday life that call upon our moral judgment. With all of the people in the world and all of the different situations, who is to say that there is one set standard that we should follow on the societal level, as well as the individual? Cultural Relativism, challenges the ordinary belief in the universality of moral truth. It says, in effect, that

there is no such thing as universal truth in ethics; there are only the various cultural and personal codes, and nothing more. Moreover, our own code has no special status; it is merely one among many. One clear example of this is illustrated in the treatment of women in some countries, against the way they are treated in the United States. In the United States women are privileged with the same rights as men, therefore creating, by law, an equal society. However in some Middle Eastern countries women are not allowed to show their faces in public, own land, or may be forced to be just one wife to a man with many wives. The questions philosophers ask in this situation is, "Which one of these cultures is morally correct in their treatment of women?" According to