Untitled Essay Research Paper Artificial Heart Devices

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Untitled Essay, Research Paper Artificial Heart Devices In its never ending pursuit of advancement, science has reached a crucial biotechnological plateau, the creation of artificial organs. Such a concept may seem easy to comprehend until one considers the vast knowledge required to provide a functional substitute for one of nature’s creations. One then realizes the true immensity of this breakthrough. Since ancient times, humans have viewed the heart as more than just a physical part of the body. It has been thought the seat of the soul, the source of emotion, and the center of each individual’s existence. For many years, doctors and researchers left the heart untouched because they thought it was too delicate, too crucial to withstand the rigors of surgery. However,

the innate human desire to achieve brought about the invention of the artificial heart. The potential for such inventions are enormous. According to the American Heart Association, there are between 16,000 and 40,000 possible recipients of artificial heart devices under the age of sixty-five. If perfected, it would enable us to save thousands of human lives. In considering the full impact of artificial heart devices on society, we must not narrow our thinking to include only the beneficial possibilities. There exist moral, ethical, and economic factors that accompany these new innovations to humanity. Who will receive these brilliant inventions? Obviously not all of the patients will get transplants, so selection criteria must be established. The high price of artificial heart

devices and their implantation will eliminate some candidates. Unfortunately, this is not fair. The rich, in essence, can buy life, whereas the poor are abandoned to die in a diseased state. A thorough analysis of the implications of the implantation of such devices reveals not only selection and economic consideration, but mortality and ethics as well. Many contest that it is simply wrong to tamper with the ways and creations of nature. By prolonging life through unnatural means were are defeating natures foremost tenet of the “survival of the fittest.” We are preserving the weaker gene pools and contributing to the deterioration of the human species. These and other considerations play a vital role in determining the artificial transplants actual benefit to the contemporary

world and the world of tomorrow. A full-scale incorporation of the artificial heart devices technology into the medical world could have serious consequences, all of which must be considered before such a rash step is taken. Artificial heart devices are indeed a biotechnical wonder. Although they are not yet perfected for permanent implantation, they are the most reliable substitutes for bad heart parts until other functional, transplantables can be located. The Jarvik-7 was the first artificial device heart which was created by Symbion Incorporated. This system was used to replace the heart of Dr. Barney Clark, the first artificial heart patient. The device lasted for one-hundred and twelve days before Mr. Clark sank into an agony of complications and died. The Jarvik-7 was

implanted four more times to replace failing hearts, with similar results, before the federal authorities halted the procedure. Other devices have made progress since the Jarvik-7. One of the more successful inventions is the left ventricle assist device (LAVD). This device incorporates a host of hard won technological advances. Perhaps the most important is its “bio-compatible” materials, which have allowed the LAVD to function without problems for well over a year in a patient’s body. The LAVD has been implanted in more than seven hundred people for up to seventeen months, as they have awaited human heart transplants(Stipp 38). It is difficult to fathom the great scientific ingenuity that was required to develop these devices. However, we must not be blinded from seeing