Unsung Heros Women Who Served In

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Unsung Heros Women Who Served In The Armed Forces In Wwii Essay, Research Paper There are many unsung heroes who served in World War Two. For my research, I will explore some of the many ways in which courageous women served in the armed forces. I will investigate the following questions: how they were recruited; what types of obstacles, barriers and/or prejudice they encountered; what types of jobs or duties were available to them; and what type of treatment they received in the military as well as in the public sector. Women played a major part in war efforts of World War Two, they were instrumental in keeping the peace, transporting goods, as well as assisting the servicemen in the field. They served in every theater of the war and in served many traditional as well as

nontraditional roles. According to Grunhitz-Hoyt, women who served in traditional roles often received better treatment than those who were in nontraditional ones. (xvi) More than a year before the U.S. entered WW II the military realized that it would need large numbers of women to handle clerical, communications and other support functions. The War and Navy Departments hired women between June 30, 1940 and 1941. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor the armed services found they needed women under military control, women they could assign where needed. Patriotism was high, women were proud to have the opportunity to serve. They knew that they were responsible for helping the United States win the war. (Gruhzit-Hoyt) During the early years of World War Two women were recruited to

serve in many ways American women served in the following branches of service during World War Two: Army  Army Nurse Corps  Woman Army Corps/Woman s Army Auxiliary Corps – WACS/WAACS Airforce  Women s Airforce Service Pilots WASPS Navy  Navy Nurse Corps  Women Appointed For Voluntary Emergency Service – WAVES Marine Corps  US Marine Corps Women s Reserve – Marinettes Coast Guard  United States Coast Guard Women s Reserve SPARS During World War Two, approximately 400,000 American military women served stateside and overseas. (Littoff & Smith 35-36) Recruitment Requirements  In order to be considered for enlistment in any branch of service applicants had to be United States citizens and be between the ages of 21 and 45. For most branches of the

service she could have no dependents, be at least five feet tall, and weigh 100 pounds or more. (Bellafaire)  Only registered nurses were eligible for military service. (Bellafaire)  WASPS recruits had to be at least 21 years old and could not have children under 14. WASPs were accepted as young as 18 if the woman had a pilot’s license and flight experience. She also had to pass a personal interview and evaluation. The majority of the WASPs were white with the exception of two Chinese-American women who were accepted into the program. (Merryman 14-15) Women who served in the armed forces were faced with many obstacles/prejudices and barriers some of these include:  Disapproval from parents who did not believe that their daughters should enlist, and from people who

believed that “nice girls” didn’t serve in the military. (Gruhzit-Hoyt 4:xvi,x)  Even though the military asked for their service, women did not find it easy to sign up. Black women faced the biggest barriers. Because of racial discrimination, they weren’t even allowed into the post offices to pick up applications for service. (Moore 2)  Service opportunities for African American women were very limited due to the fact that many branches of the service refused to admit them. African American women had no other choice but to join the Army because that was the only branch of the service that would admit them. (Moore 2)  As stated by Martha Settle Putney, African American women were faced with segregation, prejudice and barriers in the armed forces that most white