United Nations Fiscal Problems Essay Research Paper

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United Nations- Fiscal Problems Essay, Research Paper If the United Nations is to remain an effective force in the world?s political spectrum it must reform, and make itself more financially sound and become a more consolidated unit with each country being given equal representation and opportunity to have their opinions voiced and respected. When the UN was formed in the post war 40?s its goal was to keep another war from occurring as well as make the world a better place to live. Problems and controversies have recently plagued the UN and the veto power held by certain countries are creating a situation where the smaller countries such as Canada, have little if any chance to voice their opinions against powers such as the USA and Russia. Only after all of the financial and

representational barriers are taken down will the UN once again be able to function and work towards its goals. The UN must also make the Americans, whom are its biggest contributor, live up to it?s responsibilities. Only with the participation of the Americans can the UN ever hope to survive through the next millenium. The issues of Financial Reform within the UN, dealing with the Americans, Peace-Keeping, and the Veto power are all inter-related. Veto countries abuse the powers they are given by refusing to pay, or contributing little to the UN and allowing the weaker countries to do the dirty work. Peace Keeping is, perhaps, The most important of the UN?s duties. But without the funds and equipment of the veto countries Peace Keeping forces will become only a memory. The main

problem facing the UN, despite the issues with Veto powers, Peace Keeping, and the Americans, is the organizations financial situation. It has been forced to begin a lengthy restructuring to make it more cost effective due to the lack of funds it is encountering. I. Making The UN More Cost Effective In a recent UN report entitled, ?Renewing the United Nations: A Programme for Reform? the UN officials began to address this problem. The report outlined the course which will be taken in order to balance the budget. The current budget of the UN is 2.6 billion dollars.1 This total may seem high, but it is very small when compared to the costs of other programs instituted around the world. The UN?s budget is currently 1 billion dollars less than the budget of the Tokyo Fire Department,

and $3.7 billion less than the cost of New York State?s University Program.2 When compared to these you can really see just how little money the UN operates on. In fact the only reason that the UN is in financial trouble at all, is because several member states in the organization have not, as of yet, paid their compulsory dues. These bills are left unpaid for different reasons, ranging from simple poverty, as in the case of Somalia, or as a form of putting political pressure upon the UN, as in the case of the United States. Since the organization itself is completely reliant upon the money it receives from it?s members it is almost helpless in its hopes to move forward. The only way of punishing members who do not pay is to kick them out of the organization and cut off the

benefits they receive. The current financial reform of the UN is very complex. It will involve, for the most part, cuts in employee?s and an increased efficiency from it?s four departments. These departments being Peace and Security; Economic and Social Affairs; Development Co-operation; and Humanitarian Affairs. The 1998-1999 budget shows the introduction of many of the cuts and changes that are going to be made. During this time 1000 positions are going to be cut3 with most of these jobs coming out of the Secretariat department.4 The cuts in jobs have, in fact, been occurring since 1986 and have amounted in a reduction of staff from 12,000 to 90005, which translates into a 20% reduction in office and general staff, and 40% in upper management.6 In addition to the cutting of