Unions Essay Research Paper P1 2 — страница 2

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social objectives of the Canadian labour movement are a reflection of the aims and desires of a large segment of the country’s working population.”7 In some ways, the objectives are related to the economy. The objectives are: Health Programmes – the lack of available health care to all Canadians caused the labour movement to redouble its long-standing efforts to have a national medicare plan by which needed medical services would be available to all Canadians whatever their financial means. Medicare as a system of universal health care must be regarded as a public service and not merely as an insurance programme under which only a limited number of services are available. 7 Notes On Unions, Canadian Labour Congress, Quebec, 1992, P.5P.5 Pensions – Unions have been

consistently negotiated improvements in pension plans. By statistics, only 41.4% of employed Canadians (50.1% of men and 33.7% of women) belong to company pension plans. The CLC is convinced that an upgraded universal plan would eliminate any fear and want from old age. Poverty and Regional Disparities – The CLC has continually drawn attention to the unjust disparities existing among various sections of Canadian society and among different regions. Human Rights – The Canadian Labour Congress has devoted considerable effort to combatting discrimination and protecting basic human rights. Education – A basic human right, education must be available to all Canadians. The responsibility to present a well-rounded picture of all participating partners in the Canadian mosaic is a

basic principle of an education system. Housing – The CLC suggests that the housing be regarded by governments as a social need and not as a regulator of economic activity Taxation – There CLC suggests that there is a strong feeling among union members that adjustments should be made to distribute more equitably the burden of taxes. Consumer Services – Efforts have been made to have the government undertake an investigation of the disparity between food prices paid to farmers and those charged to consumers.P.6 HOW IT IS RELATED TO THE ECONOMY “Unions’ major objective is to bargain for a better wage. Labour is the basic element of a country’s economy. Without labour, there will not be products which are made in Canada. If the labour are treated unfairly in their

workplace, they don’t have the spirit to work harder.”8 As a result, the quality of Canadian product will be dropped and lose the competition on the international market. Therefore, there should be an agreement between employers and employees. The employer side gets the maximum profit while the employee side still gets a satisfactory wage. However, Canada’s labour get higher wage in the world. Therefore, the cost of products are pretty high. Compare to the international market, the price of Canadian products are higher because of higher wages. Maybe it’s a by-product of the bargaining higher and higher wages. The Canadian products will lose their competitiveness in the market. It is one of the reasons why Canada is experiencing recession right now. Another issue which

affects Canada’s economy is the free trade agreement between Canada and the United States. Through the process of this agreement, Canadian Labour movement has been trying to reject this proposal. However, the government still passed it. The labour movement is rejecting 8 David Edward, Times Of Trouble, National Library of Canada, Ottawa, 1983, P.30P.7 it because they predict that the free trade will destroy the economy of Canada. Moreover, investors are transferring to the U.S. because there is lower cost. Free trade is another big reason for Canada’s recession. EDUCATION AND ECONOMY “Chart A ( provided at the end of the report), shows that the university tuition fee price index went up 120% for all of Canada in the past ten years. This is the result of the withdrawal of

government funding. Individuals must pay the difference. Federal spending in support of education and training fell by 7.6% in 1990-91 over spending in 1989-90. The portion of the federal budget going to education and training has dropped from 7.3% in 1985-86 to 6.4% in 1990-91.”9 The share of federal funds going to provincial and territorial governments for education and training has dropped from 56% in 1984-85 to a low of 41.7% in 1990-91. The budget reflects that Canada is in a tough economic situation. Cutbacks are necessary in order to spend less money. In a sense, the budget is a mirror of the economy. An increase of services or spending indicates a good economic situation. A decrease of services or spending indicates a decline in the economy. One of the solutions 9