UK in the world trade

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10 Contents Page Introduction 2 1. Economic development as a factor of external trade 3 1.1. Agriculture 3 1.2. Manufacturing 5 1.3. The service sector 6 1.4. Transportation 8 2. Foreign trade 12 2.1. The foreign trade turnover, exports, imports 12 2.2. The geography of foreign trade in the UK. 13 2.3. The foreign trade regime, regulation of foreign trade activities 15 2.4. The influence of global economic crisis on the foreign trade of Great Britain 16 Conclusion 19 Bibliography 20 Appendixes 21 Introduction Nowadays, international integration is so advanced that most countries are multinational, even though in the 15th century to see people from other countries and even cities can be quite rare, most of these were merchants. That is why trade was the beginning of

international integration. It began to tie trade to international relations between countries, it helped to expand the range of goods and services, increase employment, as well as, in principle, increase the number of people in the world. Britain is one of the most important countries in trade, because of the developed transport system. The United Kingdom has always played an important role on the world stage. It has been mother country of the industrial revolution, which marked the beginning of mass production. Therefore, the role of Britain in international trade is a serious problem, especially in the context of world crisis, because who knows, maybe the United Kingdom will play an important role in overcoming the crisis. The situation of Great Britain in world trade has not

been reviewed yet by anyone directly. Maksakovsky V.P. and Lomakin V.P. examined the role of Britain in the global economy. Khesin E. engaged in a problem of general provisions of the United Kingdom in the world and the world economy. The Internet also gives some statistics that should be systematized. The purpose of my course work is to identify the role of Britain in international trade. To achieve this goal I set myself goals: - consider the impact of economic development for the provision of world trade; - to describe the international trade and identify the impact of global economic crisis on it. The object of my research is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The subject - external situation of the country. To achieve this goal, I reviewed the

literature on this topic, as well as systematized statistical information from the Internet. Course paper consists of two chapters, introduction and conclusion. Economic development as a factor of external trade Agriculture Britain's land surface is minimal compared to many other nations, but British agriculture is very intensive and highly productive. During the 20th century output rose steadily, although the increase slowed toward the end of the century, and agricultural labor became more productive. The improvement was due to innovations in farm machinery, biological engineering of seeds and plants, and the increased use of fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides. Consequently, imports of food, feed, and beverages dropped from 36 percent of total imports in 1955 to 11 percent

in 1985, and to 10 percent by 1994. Compared to other nations in the European Union, Britain's agricultural sector is much smaller in terms of employment and contribution to the GDP. In the early 2000s agriculture employed approximately 1.4 percent of the workforce and contributed 1.0 percent of the GDP.0 Many of Britain's full-time farms are devoted to livestock farming-raising cattle for dairy products or beef, or raising sheep for wool and meat. The treatment of farm animals became a growing concern in Britain in the late 20th century. Factory farming of chickens produced protests, as did the practice of raising calves in confined spaces. Concerns over animal welfare have led some British citizens to become vegetarians. Grave concern arose in the 1980s over cattle infected