Types Of Skiing Essay Research Paper Types

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Types Of Skiing Essay, Research Paper Types of Skiing Downhill Skiing In Downhill skiing, competitors take a ?set course from start to finish.? They take turns racing and each run is timed. The person with the fastest time wins. Downhill racers use ski poles to pick up speed at the start and for balance when they take turns. They try to keep there skis as close as possible to the snow. As he leaves the starting gate he activates an automatic timing mechanism. Downhill racing is the fastest Alpine ski racing sport. Champion skiers reach speeds of over 90 miles per hour on the steep, strait parts of the course. The turns call for immense skill and powerful muscles. Taking tuns at fast speeds puts a lot of stress on the legs. The racers use helmets for protection, because

falling at high speeds can be very dangerous. The sport needs a great deal of courage. The good thing about it is that it is probably the most exciting ski event ever. Large bumps called moguls, and steep pitches add to the hazards. The course ranges from about 1 and a half to 3 miles long. The fastest recorded speed for a man on skis is 129.827 miles per hour. The fastest recorded speed for a woman is 124.759 miles per hour. Both records were achieved at Lees Acres, France, in April 1984. Slalom In slalom competitors race downhill through a series of gates represented by pairs of poles. The flags on the gates are either red or blue. There are three types of events: Slalom, Giant Slalom, and Super-G. Slalom has many gates and tight turns. Giant Slalom has fewer gates and wider

turns. Super-G is a combination of Giant Slalom and downhill racing. Getting through the gates of a slalom course calls for great balance and skill. Races are won on the fastest time, as in downhill, but if a gate is missed or taken wrongly it means disqualification of the racer. Olympic slalom events require a course to have a vertical drop of at least 650 feet from the beginning to the finish. Cross Country Cross Country skiing requires great stamina. The standard courses range from 3 to 30 miles and some are even longer. There are fewer sharp turns or steep slopes than there are in Alpine racing. In a biathlon competitors make stops to shoot at targets. They carry their rifles strapped to their backs as they progress from target to target areas. Time penalties are given for

missed targets. The big marathons are held in Europe and in North America. Anyone can take part, from competitors to beginners. Ski poles play an important part in cross country skiing. The skier uses the poles to help with the rhythm necessary to keep up a consistent pace and help to propel forward. The champion Nordic skiers average about 12 miles per hour. Like long distance runners, they go into a rhythmic stride. Ski Jumping Out of all the snow sports, ski jumping is the most spectacular. The fearless competitors take off from huge ramps and soar through the air before landing as much as 330 feet away. There are two ski jumping events, the 70m and the 90m. These are not the height of the ramps, but how far you are expected to jump. Points are awarded for style as well as for

distance. A ski jumper crouches to gather up speed as he goes down the [in run] of a ski tower. The position in the air is important, and is judged on steadiness and control. Ski jumping is probably the oldest form of skiing. Skis used for ski jumping are heavier, longer, and wider than Alpine skis. Top Ten Ski Resorts Killington, Vermont Killington is the largest ski resort in the Eastern United States. It has six peaks referred to as separate mountains: Sunrise Mountain, Bear Mountain, Sky Peak, Killington Peak, Snowdon Mountain, and Ramshead Mountain. All these Mountains can be skied by skiers of all levels of ability and it is easy for skiers to move from one mountain to the next. Considering how big Killington is there are eighteen lifts: six double chairlifts, four triple