Type 2 Diabeties Essay Research Paper Diabetes — страница 2

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can become very ill if blood sugar levels rise too high, a condition known as hyperglycemia. Hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, which can occur in people with type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes, are both potentially life-threatening emergencies. Government agencies that sponsor diabetes programs are the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Indian Health Service, the Health Resources and Services Administration, the Bureau of Veterans Affairs, and the Department of Defense. Many organizations outside of the Government support diabetes research and education activities. These organizations include the American Diabetes Association, the Juvenile Diabetes Foundation International, and the American Association of Diabetes Educators. In recent years, advances in diabetes

research have led to better ways to manage diabetes and treat its complications. Major advances include: + New forms of purified insulin, such as human insulin produced through genetic engineering. + Better ways for doctors to monitor blood glucose levels and for people with diabetes to test their own blood glucose levels at home. + Development of external and implantable insulin pumps that deliver appropriate amounts of insulin, replacing daily injections. + Laser treatment for diabetic eye disease, reducing the risk of blindness. + Successful transplantation of kidneys in people whose own kidneys fail because of diabetes. + Better ways of managing diabetic pregnancies, improving chances of successful outcomes.