Tuskegee Airmen Essay Research Paper War war

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Tuskegee Airmen Essay, Research Paper War, war is a term meaning; a concerted effort or campaign to combat or put an end to something considered injurious. In the dictionaries there aren?t any words of neither segregation, nor does it include that one race is inferior to others in times of war. Yet the United States government, a government that fought against racism in World War II, would not allow their armed forced to become integrated because they considered blacks, lazy, and unable to comprehend the strategic plans during wartime. Many black men, and women, traveled oversees to join the French Army where they learned hand to hand combat and received pilot licenses. Eugene Bullard and Bessie Coleman were the pioneers of black pilots, and the inspiration of the Tuskegee

Airfield. Booker T. Washington, graduate of Hampton Institute arrived at Tuskegee to organize a normal school for the training of black teachers in 1881. According to Robert Jakeman, author of Divided Skies, he stated ?this aviation idea was only a fantastic dream in 1881 to Booker T. Washington?. Booker T. Washington died in 1915, the trustees decided to make Robert Russa Moton President of Tuskegee Institute. Between 1915 and 1927 Moton applied new school training courses such as education, agriculture, and home economics, and in 1927 a collegiate level was organized. On May 22, 1934 the first airplane landed on the grounds of Tuskegee Institute. John C. Robinson, an aspiring Chicago aviator, had chosen the occasion of his 10-year class reunion to make a dramatic aerial return

to his alma mater. This marked the beginning of Tuskegee?s first attempt to enter the air age. Moton was fascinated by aeronautics, and also knew there were 100 black pilots that have been trained and licensed oversees. In September 1934 Moton and administration supported plans for two black aviators to do a Pan-American tour. Tuskegee receives support from several black newspapers, and one white. 1934 marks a memorable year for aviation at Tuskegee, this is the year that they become linked with a major aviation venture publicly. In 1936 Robinson returned from duty with the Ethiopian Air Force, serving as an instructor. Robinson offered his services to Moton and became Director of the School of Agriculture until an aviation program was implemented. May 1939, 20 black pilots

formed the National Airmen?s Association of America (NAAA). The goal of the NAAA was to change policies that limited their options as pilots by gaining attention with daredevil tricks, and quick maneuvers. With the help of the Chicago Defender, a black newspaper, they sponsored Chauncey Spencer and Dale White, two black pilots, on a 10-city tour. While in Washington the pilots met Harry S. Truman a senator from Missouri. They explained their efforts, and Truman helped put through legislation that permitted black pilots to serve in the Civilian Pilot Training Program. The US government implemented a Civilian Pilot Training Program headed by the Civil Aeronautics Authority (CAA) in September 1939. This was brought on because of the fear of the war spreading across the Atlantic

waters. The CAA certified 220 US colleges & universities for participation. . The goal was to produce 20,000 private pilots a year. The government had a budget of $5,675,000 available to share for schooling 11,000 new fliers. Although Truman helped the legislation push towards allowing blacks participate in the CPT program, it took a lawsuit from a black student at Howard University to get the program started at several predominantly black schools. US Congress enacted legislation to expand the Air Corps and train thousands in flying. On April 3, 1939, it was approved as Public Law 18, ?the primary legislative authorization for the Air Corps expansion program.? Public Law 18 authorized a maximum Air Corps strength of 6,000 airplanes, a significant increase considering that the