Truth And Consequences- Taking Advantage Of The — страница 2

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Although the Allies made only small concessions, the German delegates signed on June 28, 1919. When Wilson was notified that his Fourteen Points had been shot down by the other power players at the peace conference, he was outraged. China, along with the United States were not at first included among those nations making peace with Germany. China objected to the cession to Japan of rights in the province of Shantung. On November 19, 1919 and again on March 19, 1920, the United States Senate rejected the act ratifying the Treaty of Versailles. They reccommended strongly that that United States not enter the League of Nations. Even in the Presidential Campaign of 1920, the League was a major issue. Because President Wilson was unable to setup a long-lasting peace treaty and the

United States was not in accord with the Treaty of Versailles, Republican candidate Warren G. Harding was elected president with an overwhelming Republican majority in Congress. The citizens of the U.S. were disgusted with Democrats and their way of politics. Not until July 2, 1921 did the Untied States officially end the state of war between themselves, Germany, and Austria-Hungary. The United States finally made treaties with Austria and Germany which were signed August 24 at Vienna and August 25 at Berlin. In conclusion, Germany was not dealt a fair hand in the peace process. Although it was their fault, not all blame should have been placed on them. They too had allies in Austria-Hungary and Russia originally. The Treaty of Versailles specifically states in Article 231,

“The Allied and Associate Governments affirm that Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war.” In plain English, Artice 231 states that Germany has to take the fall for not only its own actions, but for those of its allies. Even though Germany was the major cause of World War I, they should not have had to agree to such a harsh peace treaty. The Treaty of Versailles only proves the old saying ‘In war, the loser always pays.” : 1) Bennett, Geoffrey, Naval Battles of the First World War (1969) 2) Clark, Alan, Aces High: the War in the Air over the Western Front (1973) 3) Compton’s Interactive Encyclopedia

(1992) 4) Gray, Edwyn, The Killing Time: the U-Boat War, 1914-1918 (1972) 5) Hayes, G. P., World War I: A Compact History (1972) 6) Lederer, Ivo John, ed., The Versailles Settlement (1960) 7) Marshall, S. L., World War I (1985). 8) Rimell, Raymond L., World War I in the Air (1988) 9) Wren, Jack, The Great Battles of World War I (1971). 10) Zeman, Z. A. B., The Gentleman Negotiators: A Diplomatic History of the First World War (1971)