Treatments Of Alcoholism Essay Research Paper On — страница 4

  • Просмотров 291
  • Скачиваний 5
  • Размер файла 20

e. Almost nothing, as expenses are incurred by private insurance. 7) Which of the following women are at high risks for drinking during pregnancy? a. Women with a college education. b. Unmarried women. c. Female students. d. Women in households with > $50,000 annual income. e. All of the above 8) Of the following secondary disabilities associated with FAS/FAE, which one is the most common? a. Mental illness b. Trouble in school. c. Trouble with the law. d. Abuse of alcohol and/or other drugs. e. Sexuality problems. 9) Which of the following are protective factors for preventing secondary disabilities in FAS/FAE? a. IQ below 70. b. Early diagnosis. c. Eligibility for disability services. d. Stable home environment e. All of the above. 10) In which of the following ways does

alcohol affect a man?s ability to father healthy children? a. Lowered levels of testosterone that interfere with sexual performance. b. Reduced mobility of healthy sperm at time of infection. c. Increased risk of inherited tendency toward alcoholism. d. Possible adverse effects on DNA in sperm before conception. e. All of the above. The answers to this quiz will follow at the end of this paper. Patterns of alcohol use are changing with the changing times of today, with more and more teenagers consuming alcohol on a regular basis. This is a growing concern as research shows that, in recent years, regular alcohol consumption has increased alarmingly among the female population; particularly among younger women and teenage girls. Due to this vast rise in alcohol consumption it is

societies burden to put forth evidence and proof about the dangers of alcohol consumption among women during their child-bearing years. In order for society to accomplish this, three things must happen: 1) Local education staff should implement the teachings of the dangers that alcohol can cause not only normal consumption but while pregnant as well. 2) Pamphlets should be regularly handed out among young women and teens, in hospital waiting rooms, family planning clinics, schools, by the parents, dealing with the adverse effects of alcohol. 3) Government officials should affix warning labels on alcohol so they can be seen clearly . They should be similar to those that are placed on cigarettes. The most salient point that can be made about alcohol induced fetal damage is that it

is 100% totally preventable, we can only hope that education of this subject, on the part of both prospective parents, will control the increasing problem. It is astonishing to know that this information has been readily available for such a long time and no one seems to worry about it. If we could effectively foster the simple fact that ?mothering from conception is direct mothering?, and therefore everything that the mother consumes during pregnancy the fetus consumes as well, some of these tragedies could be more easily be avoided. Answers to the quiz above are as follows: 1. B 2. D 3. B 4. E 5. A 6. B 7. D 8. A 9. A 10. E Works Sited Streissguth, A.P., Barr, H.M., Bookstein, F.L., Sampson, P.D., & Carmichael Olsen, H. (1999). The long-term neurocognitive consequences of

prenatal alcohol: A 14-year study. Psychological Science, 10(3), 186-190. Streissguth, A.P., Barr, H.M., & Sampson, P.D. (1990) Moderate prenatal alcohol exposure: Effects on child IQ and learning problems at age 7 1/2 years. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 14(5), 662-669. Streissguth, A.P., Barr, H.M., &Sampson, P.D. (1989). Neurobehavioral effects of prenatal alcohol. Parts I, II, and III. Neurotoxicology & Teratology, 11(5), 461-507. Streissguth, A.P., Barr, H.M., Sampson, P.D., & Martin, D.C. (1986). Attention, distraction and reaction time at age 7 years and prenatal alcohol exposure. Neurobehavioral Toxicology and Teratology, 8(6), 717-725. Streissguth, A.P., Grant, T.M., & Ernst, C.C. (1999). Intervention with high-risk alcohol and drug

abusing mothers: II. 3 year findings from the Seattle Model of Paraprofessional Advocacy. Journal of Community Psychology, 27(1), 19-38. Grant, T.M., Ernst, C.C., & Steissguth, A.P. (1996). An intervention with high-risk mothers who abuse alcohol and drugs: The Seattle Advocacy Model. American Journal of Public Health, 86(12), 1816-1817.