Trail Of Tears Essay Research Paper Trail — страница 2

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westward into the Native American’s land and they would break agreements and set treaties to do so. In addition, when the new settlers came to America, they carried many germs that the natives did not have immunities to. These germs caused many epidemics that nearly wiped out whole tribes and severely depleted others. In New England, the survivors of these lands often sold their land to the English and even assimilated into their culture by converting to Christianity and adopting the Puritan laws of New England. (Brinkley, p. 43) However, as the English and others settled America conflicts continued to arise. In 1637, the English wiped out almost the entire Pequot tribe over trading rights with the Dutch in New Netherland. This episode is known as the Pequot War. (Brinkely, p.

44) Gradually, the whites continued to move west and the natives kept giving up their land, most times for nothing, sometimes for beads, alcohol or the person’s word that they would live in peace. In 1675, King Philip and his tribe waged a war against the English because of English encroachment onto their land. This bloody war lasted three long years. Armed Native Americans killed as many as 1000 English. Consequently, the English turned to the Mohawk tribe for help. The Mohawks killed King Philip and the English eventually won the war. (Brinkley, p. 44) During the French and Indian War, the tension between the English and Native Americans began to further develop. Nearly all of the North American tribes sided and fought with the French against the English. The only tribe to

aid the English was the Iroquois. The Iroquois were hesitant to fight the French for a known fear of them. The English saw this as cowardly and thought of the natives as enemies. Even the Iroquois were not English allies because of their unwillingness to fight. (Brinkley, p. 100) In the years that followed, the American Revolution started. The natives this time allied themselves with the British. They favored the British because in the past, it was the British that set the boundaries but it was the settlers that broke the boundaries and caused conflicts and disregarded the set boundaries. Therefore, the natives fought against the American patriots. The Cherokee’s led continuos uprisings and attacks in Virginia and South Carolina during the Revolutionary War. After the American

patriots won the war, they (Americans) slaughtered 96 Delaware Indians for the attack on a white family. This tribe however was composed of Christian pacifists. It is believed that B. McCarthy they were slain for spite. (Brinkley, p. 141) It didn’t take long for Americans and the British to go to war again. In the War of 1812, the Native Americans took sides with the British again. The Native Americans sided with the British for fear of the Americans ever-fast colonization, broke promises and numerous slayings. Indians took Ft. Dearborn from the Americans and Tecumseh, an Indian, was promoted to Brigadier General in the British army. During the war the Creeks attacked in the south but Andrew Jackson led an army seeking revenge against the tribe and slaughtered the Creek

warriors, and even women and children. This act of revenge made Jackson a Major General in the United States Army. It also helped build him a reputation as an Indian hater. (Brinkley, p. 210, 212) In 1828, Andrew Jackson was elected to the Presidency of the Untied States. He adopted a policy of Indian removal, Indian Removal Act, for the five “civilized” tribes of the south. Jackson’s plan of removal for the tribes consisted of trading their present land for land “set aside” in present day Oklahoma. The Cherokee tribe refused to leave their land, which caused Jackson to sent 7,000 troops to Georgia. Jackson’s army escorted the tribe at bayonet point to their new land. Unfortunately, the 15,000 Cherokee members who made the 116-day voyage in the freezing cold, with

inadequate food supplies suffered about 4,000 casualties most died of small pox and starvation. (Brinkley, p. 249-250) Hence, this voyage was named “The Trail of Tears” and was one of the grossest displays of exploitation that our country has ever seen. Throughout the history of our nation, Native Americans gave up their land to whites and their “Manifest Destiny.” Consequently, it crossed the “line” when the whites actually forced them there against their will, at gun/bayonet point. The coexistence of whites and Indians started peacefully but soon they grew into a relationship in which whites would not share and live together peacefully. And, if there were ever an uprising by the Native Americans, the whites would suppress the uprising and take the Native Americans