Toxic Cities Essay Research Paper Executive Summary

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Toxic Cities Essay, Research Paper Executive Summary: I am evaluating solutions to reduce the proliferation of chemical and radioactive industrial carcinogens that threaten human health nationally and globally. I am specifically concerned with the toxic health effects on minority and low-income communities. After critiquing several alternatives, I can recommend methods to find reparations for suffering resulting from severe medical problems. More than half of the nation s 26 million African Americans and more than a third of its Latinos live in neighborhoods with at least one uncontrolled toxic waste site. People of color, immigrants, and low-income workers disproportionately suffer from toxic emissions because polluting industrial facilities are intentionally placed in

minority neighborhoods and residential areas for minorities are built adjacent to industrial facilities. This causes residents to be unnecessarily exposed to industrial chemicals, nuclear radiation, and dioxins that cause cancer, reproductive and developmental disorders, and immune system problems. Three solutions: increased community awareness and activism, increased government regulation of toxic sites, and housing redevelopment, are evaluated in respect to criterions (equality, efficiency, political feasibility, legality, robustness) in the decision making process. After negotiating the tradeoffs of money, time, better health status, justice, and equality, I feel that empowering community members to work with public health officials will help to ensure a long lasting

relationship built on trust and cooperation. Once these ties are formed, more permanent plans, such as relocation and redevelopment can be discussed and possibly implemented. Other plans, such as monetary reparations can be discussed as well. These solutions may be difficult to implement, but if successful, they will benefit the health and economic states of millions of residents by preventing numerous diseases and unnecessary suffering. I. INTRODUCTION I am evaluating solutions to reduce the proliferation of chemical and radioactive industrial carcinogens that threaten human health nationally and globally. I am specifically concerned with the toxic health effects on minority and low-income communities. After critiquing several alternatives, I can recommend methods to find

reparations for suffering resulting from severe medical problems. II. BACKGROUND More than half of the nation s 26 million African Americans and more than a third of its Latinos live in neighborhoods with at least one uncontrolled toxic waste site. People of color, immigrants, and low-income workers disproportionately suffer from toxic emissions because polluting industrial facilities are intentionally placed in minority neighborhoods and residential areas for minorities are built adjacent to industrial facilities. This causes residents to be unnecessarily exposed to industrial chemicals, nuclear radiation, and dioxins that cause cancer, reproductive and developmental disorders, and immune system problems. III. EVALUATION OF ALTERNATIVES Three solutions: increased community

awareness and activism, increased government regulation of toxic sites, and housing redevelopment, are evaluated in respect to evaluative and practical criterions as well as to tradeoffs in the decision making process. A. Baseline Choosing no action may lead to a continuation or perhaps even to an increase in the current trend of political apathy and unnecessary illnesses. This may be affordable and easy, but it would not create equality or justice or reduce medical problems, which are guiding criterions. Thus, it is important to consider the following alternatives. B. Community awareness and activism This will be accomplished by linking community activist groups with governmental agencies and residents through committees on which all parties would reside. The community members