Tourism in Spain

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Contents Introduction 1. Tourism industry in the world 1.1 Structure of tourism industry in the world 1.2 Tourism and transportation in the world 1.3 Accommodation and catering service in the world 2. Tourism in Spain 2.1 Useful information about Spain 2.2 When to go to Spain 2.3 Eating and drinking in Spain 3. Accommodation in Spain 3.1 Classification criteria 3.2 Barcelona hotels 3.3 Madrid hotels Conclusion Bibliography Introduction The name of my course paper is «Accommodation in Spain». But it also contains the information on the industry of tourism both in the world and in Spain. I think that tourism is one of the major branches of economy, and accommodation is a part of the tourist structure. I have chosen this topic because Spain is the important tourist centre in

the world, and it has the advanced system of accommodation. That is why this topic is actual for today. The purpose of my course paper is the description of structure of the tourist industry in the world and accommodations in Spain. Object of course paper is the industry of tourism in the world, a subject - accommodation in Spain. Problems of course paper: to give concept that what is tourism as a whole? to describe the structure of the tourist industry; to state the purposes of tourism; to describe the tourist industry in the world and in Spain; To describe the system of accommodations in Spain. 1. Tourism industry in the world 1.1 Structure of Tourism industry Tourism has been one of the fastest growing industries in recent years. Indeed, the growth rate of tourism has

generally exceeded the growth rate for the worldwide economy. Tourism has become the world's most important economic activity: According to the World Tourism Organization (WTO), annual expenditure worldwide on tourism is more than 3.5 trillion US dollars. In 1994, tourism accounts for 12 per cent of the world's Gross National Product (GNP). The travel and tourism industry has become the principal source of job creation in many countries and employs more than 183 million people worldwide. The economic impact of the industry has been considerable. It is responsible for approximately 7 per cent of global capital expenditure. Sometimes it seems as though a new resort area springs up every day wherever there are sun and sea. The shores of the Mediterranean and Caribbean Seas and the

Pacific coastlines of Mexico, Florida, and Hawaii are only a few of the areas that have been intensively developed in the past few years. In spite of this rapid growth it is not easy to define tourism and accurate statistics are not easy to obtain. Tourism necessarily involves travel; a tourist is usually defined as a person who is visiting some place other than his usual residence for more than 24 hours. A tourist is distinguished by the length of his trip from an excursionist, who is away from his usual residence for less than 24 hours, or most a weekend. The question of purpose, however, also must enter into the definition of tourism. Many people travel entirely for the purpose of recreation or pleasure; they are people on holiday. Other people travel for reasons of health.

Originally, both the Riviera and Switzerland were tourist destinations as health resorts. Other people travel to visit friends or relatives, a reason that has become more important because of increased mobility throughout the world. Still others travel in order to educate themselves in accord with the old precept that travel is broadening. All of these people are generally considered tourists since the primary reason for their trips is recreation. Most tourist statistics also include people who are traveling on business. Among them are businessmen and government officials on specific missions, as well as people attending meetings or conventions. Another kind of business travel is the incentive trip. It is a trip offered by an organization, usually a business firm, to reward