Tourettes Syndrome Essay Research Paper Tourettes Syndrome

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Tourettes Syndrome Essay, Research Paper Tourettes Syndrome is an inherited, neurological disorder characterized by tics. Tics are involuntary, rapid, sudden movements or verbal communication that occur frequently in the same way. There are many other movements that occur; some of which are twitching, loud noises or vulgar language. Verbal tics are not a common occurrence. This is the most common in public places that the unknown public associates with the disease. Tics are classified into two categories: simple and complex. The Simple tics are short movements and do not involve many muscles. These are often repeated. Complex tics are synchronized patterns or consecutive movements involving more then one muscle group. The complex tics are usually involving touching other

people, touching their nose or jumping. (Hyde 53) Motor Tics Vocal Tics SimpleSimple Blinking eyes Throat-clearing Jerking neck Sniffing Shrugging shoulders Coughing Grimacing Grunting Flipping head Spitting Kicking Yelling Tensing muscles Belching Sticking tongue out Finger movements *Complex* Animal sounds *Complex* Repeating words Facial gestures Using inappropriate words Grooming behaviors Repeating own words Smelling things Repeating last sound Touching Jumping Hitting Biting Imitating other people Inappropriate gestures Self-injuries (Eisenreich 4) People with Tourettes Syndrome can sometimes restrain their tics. To hold back a tic takes the same amount of effort it does to hold back a sneeze. Eventually the tics will just stop. During stressful situations the tics could

get worse. When a person is relaxed, the tics improve. In most cases the tics decrease when the person is sleeping. Tics can be added or removed. Over time they can change. The old tics can be replaced by new tics, or new ones can just be added. Most children to not have all of these tics, and they do not even develop all of them. These tics can be mild, moderate, or severe depending on their occurrence, and their activities. Tics can fluctuate in intensity. One day there might not be any tics, while other days you could have many tics. The first symptoms of this disease are facial twitches or tics. People with Tourettes Syndrome can shout strange and inappropriate sounds, words and phrases. People with a severe case of Tourettes may have self-harming actions; some of this would

include, lip and cheek biting and head banging against solid surfaces or objects. This syndrome often appears during the childhood. A person, who has Tourettes Syndrome, does not usually show symptoms early in their life. Children between the ages six and nine usually are the ones who get Tourettes Syndrome; however, this can occur as late as age twenty-one. People who are in the teenage years often have symptoms that involve facial twitching, and facial expressions. It is more common for males to get this than females. Tourettes is known to worsen from the childhood and on. The chances of a child getting Tourettes Syndrome are one in a thousand. Besides tics, there are also other disorders associated with Tourettes Syndrome. People could experience uncontrollable behavior, doing

things repeatedly, difficulty concentrating, and is easily disturbed. They may also have difficulties in reading or writing. People with Tourettes Syndrome could have many sleep disorders, where they wake up frequently. With all of these symptoms, with the tics, can be disabling, and then the doctors would be able to prescribe certain medications. This is a rare disorder named after Georges Gilles De Tourette, a French physician. He first described this disease in 1885. The real name for Tourettes Syndrome, or TS is Gilles De Tourette named after him. Other names or disease for Tourettes Syndrome are Transient Tic Disorders, Chronic Tic Disorders and Chronic Multiple Tics. There is no cause for this syndrome, and as of now there is not a cure that exists. Some researchers think