Топики по Английскому языку

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Economy in Rassian The Russian is reach in natural resources in the past few years the Russia try to remove from a centrally controlled economy to a market economy. In spite of decline Russia has various branches of industry, such as metallurgical, automobile and chemical industry. Russia is divided on 11 economic regions such as: North, North west, central, volga, ural.. And Asia :West Siberia, East Siberia, and the Far East. Russian s machine building industry provides most of the Federations requirement for steam boilers and turbines ,electric generators, grain combines, automobiles and electric locomotives and machine tools, instruments and automation components. Important automobile factories are located in Moscow, Н.Новгород, Ярославль

Ижевск.Rus. textile industries are heavily concentrated in the European sector especially in the central region. Russian agriculture is not so developed. But some of the main crops grown on the South are wheat, fruits, on the North are wheat, barley, oats, vegetables. Cattle breeding and pig raising make up an important branch of R. agricultural. Forests is a very important branch for Russian. But in Rus. can not use the resources more effectively. In Rus. the resources is sold as the raw materials. It is necessary to employ of manufacturing. And then we will live better. The Russian Art. The most important form of early Russian art was the icons. The word icon means image in Greek. Icon is the religious pictures of Christ and Saints on wooden panel. They decorated

churches, mostly placed on the iconostasis. In Russia the finest icons were produced from the midforteenth century. In that time a specific national style icon painting was formed. Russian icon painting reached the highest point of its achievement in the works of Theothan Greek, Andrey Rublev and Dionissy in the mid-15 century. Andrey Rublev is a Russian greatest iconpainter. In 1408 he was engaged on the murals in the Cathedral of the Assumption at Vladimir when he also produced his version of the icon of Vladimirs Virgin. And well known cuch icons as Спас and Троица which was found in Vladimir. A.R.s icons is expressed a distinct filling of harmony, deep spirituality, grace and the beauty of the colors. Rs works is one of the greatest creations of medieval Russian

painting. Intimate [intimeit] намекать, Severe[sivie] строгий, Distinct [distinkt] отличный, тчетливый. Creations [krieishn] создание, творение. In the2th half of 19th century artists of the Wanderers group started painting scenes of contemporary life. Vasiliy Perov, Ivan Kramskoy, Aleksey Savrasov,Ivan Shishkin, Valentin Serov and Vasiliy Surikov were wanderers. The works of Wonderes are displayed in the famous picture galleries: the Tretiakov Gallery in Moscow,the Russian Museum in St. Petersburg. They called themselves the Wanderers, because they wanted to realize their ideals by taking wondering exibitions tthroughout the country. The most clear represenative of Wonderers in my opinion was Vasiliy Surikov.[1848-1916]. He was the

first of the W. Hewas born in Krasnojarsk in Siberia.His masterpiece was the Боярыня Морозова. [1887] Its an enormous painting-both in size and scale. A decorative surface rhythm and strong horizontals are other eharacteirctics common to Russian art, both ancient and modern, and like wise first recovered in the work of Surikov. The English Art. The 18th century , the Golden Age of British Art. The 18th century , the great age of British painting. It was in this period that British art attained a distinct national character. Hogarth was followed by a row of illustrious painters: Thomas Gainsborough, with his lyrical landscapes, funcy pictures and portraits, Reynolds, who painted charming society portraits and became the first president of the Royal Academy. William