Tocqueville And Young On Freedom Essay Research — страница 3

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creation. When one is socialized to believe they are not worth as much as others in the society they are also likely to believe that challenging these superior people is futile. This dehumanization by the system leaves individuals with no self-esteem, actually with no self. The individual is left with no freedom to pursue personal goals, but is thrust into a system where even one’s goals are decided for them. Of course one could deny the pressure of the system and choose to opt out. However, as Tocqueville expressed in the early quotation; “Your fellow creatures will shun you like an impure being ” This pressure to conform is enough to keep people on the track that the system sees fit. While the meritocracy does seemingly provide equality of opportunity, it does not lead to

equality. Even assuming that there is no discrimination or flaws regarding the measurement of merit, true equality would still not exist within the system. Why should one be entitled to any more than anyone else because of his or her innate intelligence? Is there not more to a person than their retention of facts and figures? Young expresses these ideas in the Chelsea Manifesto, which states; “Were we to evaluate people, not according to their intelligence and their education, their occupation and their power, but according to their kindliness and their courage, their imagination and sensitivity, their sympathy and generosity, there could be no classes.” Young uses the Chelsea Manifesto as a representation of individual freedom and to vividly contrast the importance of

freedom and individuality with the trivialness of “equality of opportunity” based on merit. Through his satire he makes the reader aware of the ramifications of a system based on equal opportunity, a system that we are striving for and creating every day. We must question authority now and decide which direction we should truly head, towards equality of opportunity, as in the meritocracy, or towards a system which puts greater emphasis on individual freedom. We are at a crossroads we cannot choose both. However, while there is a tradeoff between freedom and equality in practical terms, ideally they could coexist in their purest forms. If people were free to live according to their own individuality and respected all people’s equal right to do so then there would be a

coexistence of freedom and equality. The problem is that it would be incredibly hard to accomplish such a system. It’s much easier to settle for equality of opportunity and abandon the ideal of freedom, in many ways that’s what were doing now in the United States and much of the world.