Thomas Jefferson 3 Essay Research Paper Thomas — страница 2

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became governor of Virginia, guiding Virginians through the final years of the Revolutionary War. As a member of the Second Continental Congress, he drafted a plan for decimal coinage and composed an ordinance for the Northwest Territory that formed the foundation for the Ordinance of 1787. In 1785, he became minister to France. Appointed secretary of state in President Washington s Cabinet in 1790, Jefferson defended local interests against Alexander Hamilton s policies and led a group called the Republicans. He was elected vice-president in 1796 and protested the enactment of the Alien and Sedition Acts by writing The Kentucky Resolutions. In 1800, the Republicans nominated Jefferson for president and Aaron Burr (A Buh. hahaha) for vice-president. Federalists had nominated John

Adams for president and Charles Pinckney for vice-president. Federalists claimed that Jefferson was a revolutionary, an anarchist, and an unbeliever. Jefferson won the presidency by receiving 73 electoral votes (Adams received 65). Supporters celebrated with bonfires and speeches, only to find out that Jefferson and Burr received an equal number of electoral votes, creating a tie and throwing the election to the House of Representatives. After 36 ballots, the House declared Jefferson as president. As did Adams before he, Jefferson faced opposition from his own party as well as from the Federalists. As mentioned earlier, Jefferson had an interest in North American exploration. He used his presidential power to purchase Louisiana from France and gave Meriwither Lewis and William

Clark the opportunity and the responsibility to explore this vast territory. After their triumphant return, the hostile Aaron Burr engaged in a conspiracy either to establish an independent republic in the Louisiana Territory or to launch an invasion of Spanish-held Mexico. Jefferson acted promptly to arrest Burr and brought him to trial for treason. Burr was acquitted, however. Foreign policy during his second term was rather unsuccessful. In an effort for the British to respect the United States neutrality during the Napoleonic Wars by passing the Embargo Act, he persuaded Congress to stop all trade with Britain, a move that failed to gain any respect from Britain, alienated New England (who lived by foreign trade), and shattered the nation s economy. Fifteen months later, he

repealed the Embargo Act. In the final years of his life, Jefferson s major accomplishment was the founding of the University of Virginia at Charlottesville. He conceived it, planned it, designed it, and supervised both its construction and the hiring of the workers. He also hired the first professors and came up with its first course of study. Jefferson wished to be remembered by three things, which consisted of a trilogy of unrelated causes: freedom from Britain, freedom from conscience, and freedom maintained through education. On the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson died in Monticello. Though not flawless, given Jefferson s contributions to the shaping of American society then and how it is today, it is nearly impossible to find him morally weak

and coarse. He has truly defined true American culture as it is today and has shaped the lives of many Americans both of his time and our time alike.