Thirteen Colonies Essay Research Paper Do you

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Thirteen Colonies Essay, Research Paper Do you know about the founding of the thirteen colonies? Well today I am going to tell you about when, how, who, why, and where the thirteen colonies were established. So read on to find out some new things. Virginia Roanoke was the last of Sir Walter Raliegh’s attempt to establish a colony. Although, the idea did come up again in 1606. In 1607 105 London Company-sponsored settlers arrived in Jamestown from England. The first year was horrible for the colonists, with only thirty-two colonists living through the winter. After supplies and new settlers came, and they learned how to grow their own crops, the colony slowly began to grow. Virginia was saved by tobacco. New York England had to clumps of colonies In 1660, it is now the

United States. In between the English colonies the Dutch controlled, some lands. In 1624 some Dutch Merchants had formed a company to trade with the Americas is being called the Dutch West India company. Their post was along the Hudson River. It grew into the colony New Netherland. New Amsterdam was the main settlement of the New Netherland. In 1626 the Dutch West India Company bought Manhattan from the manhates people. To increase the number of settlers the company sent over families from the Netherlands, Germany, Sweden and Finland, anyone who brought at least fifty settlers got a big estate. New Netherland boasted a great harbor and thriving river trade. The English wanted to have the valuable Dutch colony, so in 1664 the English sent a fleet to attack New Amsterdam During

that time Peter Stuyvesant ruled the colony as governor. When the English ships came to attack, the governor was not ready for war and surrendered the colony. King Charles II gave the colony to his brother Duke of York. Who then renamed it to New York. Massachusetts In the early 1600s Protestants who wanted to reform the Anglican Church were called Puritans. Those who didn’t want to reform the Anglican Church and wanted to leave and found their own churches were Separatists. The Separatists were persecuted in England and so some went to the Netherlands. Though they were safe there, they still had trouble, they had a hard time finding work. So some Separatists made an agreement with the Virginia Company, to settle there and in return they would give them a bit of their profit

they make. In September of 1620 one hundred and thirty-two passengers boarded the Mayflower. The passengers had planed to settle in the Virginia colony. Since the winter was coming, the first land they saw was Cape Cod, so the colonists agreed upon to drop an anchor in the Cape Cod Bay. They went ashore at a place called Plymouth. William Bradford was their leader, and he said "all things stared upon them with a weather beaten face". The Plymouth was outdoor the area of Virginia Company and its laws. To provide the new colony, the pilgrims made up a document called the Mayflower Compact. Maryland Maryland was just a fantasy for Sir George Calvert. He wanted to establish a safe place for his fellow Catholics, who were being persecuted in England. He wanted the colony to

bring him fortune too. Calvert’s Fantasy came true in 1632. King Charles’ I gave him a colony north of Virginia. Sadly though, Sir George Calvert died before his dream was granted. So his son Cecilius Calvert took charge of the colony. Then it was named after Henrietta Maria, the English Queen, they called it Maryland. The young Calvert never lived in Maryland though, but he did send two of his brothers to run the colony. Since tobacco saved Virginia, Maryland colonists went straight to tobacco farming. They also planted crops to feed their families and workers. In 1728 Baltimore was founded. Soon after that Baltimore became Maryland’s biggest settlement. Rhode Island Roger Williams, a minister, was banished from Massachusetts in 1635. He was banished because he felt that