Things Fall Apart A Tragedy Essay Research

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Things Fall Apart A Tragedy Essay, Research Paper Outline for essay over Things Fall Apart Thesis: Achebe defines Things Falls Apart as a tragedy through Okonkwo, who is a tragic hero, and by the pity and fear aroused in the reader. I. Introduction A. Author s last name and Book title B. Aristotle s definition of tragedy C. Function of a tragedy, according to Aristotle D. Thesis II. Okonkwo as tragic hero A. Okonkwo is high-ranking — part of the egwugwus (87-94) B. Okonkwo is dignified – Wrestled and won The Cat (3) C. Courageous – went many times into battle and earned his first head (54) D. Downfall 1. By Tragic Flaw – inadaptability 2. By uncontrollable events 3. Wisdom gained – realized he must adapt, but cannot–so he hangs himself III. The pity aroused by

Achebe A. The people do not like Okonkwo for his treatment of less successful men (26). B. Death of Ikemefuna (87) C. Okonkwo beats Nwoye, due to his attraction to the Christian faith.(148-153) IV. The fear aroused by Achebe A. When Okonkwo learns that Ikemefuna must die, the reader fears that he will die, and how he will end up dying. (87) B. When the priestess says that Agbala wishes to speak to Enzima, we wonder (also due to Ekwefi s fear) C. Fear is aroused when the conflict develops between Okonkwo and Nwoye over the argument of Nwoye s desire to be a Christian V. Conclusion A. Restatement of Thesis B. Concluding Remarks Things Fall Apart: A Tragedy Things Fall Apart, by Chinua Achebe, is book about a man named Okonkwo, who is part of the Ibo culture of the mid-first

millennium of AD. Aristotle defines a tragedy as a work that provides catharsis by the use of a tragic hero who is within a tragic setting or environment. Achebe reveals Things Falls Apart as a tragedy through his tragic hero, Okonkwo, and by the pity and fear aroused in the reader. Okonkwo is a tragic hero, in every since of the definition. Aristotle defines a tragedy as a work that is meant to provide catharsis, or arouse pity and fear in the audience so that we may be purged, or cleansed, of … unsettling emotions (Aristotle 796). This is done with serious, important events, in which the main character comes to an unhappy end (796). This character’s downfall results from a tragic flaw, a character weakness, or events beyond the character s control (796). To conclude

Aristotle’s definition of a tragedy, it states that the tragic hero usually gains some self-knowledge or wisdom in spite of defeat (796). Achebe tells the reader that some of the women of the tribe noticed that the second egwugwu had the “springy” walk of Okonkwo (89), revealing his high rank in society. It goes on to say that he was not among the “titled” men (90), further proving his high rank, in that he was the second egwugwu. As a dignified character he “brought honor to the clan” by throwing ‘Amalinze the Cat” (3). When Okonkwo was younger, he courageously went into battles and “stalked his victim”, eventually killing him to obtain his “first human head” (54). Okonkwo’s tragic flaw was his inability to adapt to the changes of his culture,

stubbornly seeking to stick to the old ways he once new. When a messenger came to stop one of the tribe’s meetings, Okonkwo rose up and killed him, because of his hate, his pride, and his inability to adapt, which proved to be his downfall (204). His downfall was also due to the uncontrollable events of the missionaries who came to Umofia. Lastly, Obierka states that the missionaries “drove him [Okonkwo] to kill himself” (208). This quote shows how he realized he could not adapt or survive in his culture. With that in mind, he felt he could not live any longer. The reader likely feels pity when Achebe tells the reader of this through the eyes and mouth of Obierka. Achebe aroused pity, one of things Aristotle says must be in a tragedy, in his readers through the events he